sultan

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See also: Sultan, sultán, and sułtan

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French sultan, from Turkish sultan, from Arabic سُلْطَانٌ (sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא (šulṭānā, strength, authority) (compare Hebrew שִׁלְטוֹן (shiltón)).[1] Compare soldan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan (plural sultans)

  1. Originally, a secular office, formally subordinate to -, but de facto the power behind the throne of the (theoretically universal) caliph.
  2. A hereditary ruler in various Muslim states (sultanate), varying from petty principalities (as in Indonesia and in Yemen), often vassal of a greater ruler, to independent realms, such as Oman, Brunei, or an empire such as the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
  3. (card games) A variant of solitaire, played with two decks of cards.
  4. A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "sultan" in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (2008).

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hyphenation: sul‧tan

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultans)

  1. sultan, a Muslim ruler title
  2. a certain pastry

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultans)

  1. A sultan: a Muslim ruler with a certain title.
  2. A silk-ornamented basket.
  3. A perfume sachet to put in a linen coffer.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nouveau Petit Larousse illustré. Dictionnaire encyclopédique. Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1952, 146th edition

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural slaten)

  1. (dated) king

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish sultan, from Arabic سلطان (sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

sùltān m (Cyrillic spelling су̀лта̄н)

  1. sultan

Declension[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سلطان.

Noun[edit]

sultan (definite accusative sultanı, plural sultanlar)

  1. A monarchic title for Sunni Muslim monarchs.
  2. A noble title for monarch's mother, wifes and children.
  3. A honorific title for Bektashi saints.
  4. A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]