tilts

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

tilts

  1. plural form of tilt

Verb[edit]

tilts

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of tilt

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Tilts (1)
Paceļamais tilts (1)
Tilts (2)
Tilts (3)
Tilts (6)

Etymology[edit]

Originally the past participle of an earlier verb *telt, parallel form *tilt, from Proto-Baltic *tel-, *til-, from Proto-Indo-European *tel-, *stel- (to spread, to spread out), whence also Latvian telpa (space, room). The original meaning was therefore “(that which is) spread out”, from which “(path, road) covered with intertwined, interlaced branches, logs” (a meaning still attested in folk songs) and then “bridge.” Cognates include Lithuanian tìltas; elsewhere, the stem *tel-, *stel- led to notions like “smooth base, floor, board:” Lithuanian dialectal tìlė (a boat's bottom plank), Old Prussian talus (floor), Proto-Slavic *tьlo (base, floor) (Old Church Slavonic тьло (tĭlo), Russian, Ukrainian тло (tlo), Czech tla (floor), Polish tło (base, background), Upper Sorbian tło (floor, base, bottom)), Old Irish talam (earth) (< *tlə-mo-), Proto-Germanic *þiliz (board, plank) (Old Norse þil, þili (plank wall), þilja (floor, plank), þel (base, floor), Old High German dil, dilo (plank wall, floor), dilla (board, floor, ship deck), German Diele (plank)), Sanskrit तलम् (talam, plain, flat surface; palm), Ancient Greek τήλια (tḗlia, game table, board), Latin tellūs (earth) (< *telnos), Ossetian тæрхæг (tærxæg, bench).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

tilts m (1st declension)

  1. bridge (a structure built to go over an area that is deep or dangerous in some way)
    koka tilts — wood bridge
    dzelzs tilts — iron bridge
    tērauda tilts — steel bridge
    akmens tilts — stone bridge
    loku tilts — arched, bow bridge
    siju, rāmju tilts — beam bridge
    tilts pār upibridge over a river
    tilts pār dzelzceļibridge over the railway
    trosēs iekārts tilts — a bridge suspended on ropes
    paceļamais tilts — drawbridge
    autoceļa, dzelzceļa tilts — road, railway bridge
    gājēju tilts — pedestrian bridge
    jauktas satiksmes tilts — mixed traffic bridge
    tilta balstsbridge pillar, support
    tilta laidumsbridge span
    gaisa tilts — air bridge
    izgriežamais tilts — rotating bridge
    plosta tilts — raft bridge
    uzgājuši Daugavas tiltā, viņi abi noskatījās uz Rīgu, kur torņu galos mirdzēja zelta gaiļi — having gone up the Daugava bridge, both of them looked at Rīga, where golden roosters were shining on the tops of the towers
  2. (nautical) bridge (elevated platform over the upper deck of a ship, from which activities can be seen and controlled by the captain)
    komandas tilts, komandtilts — (command) bridge
    uz komandas tilta stāvēja Kondruss, pēc izskata vēl pavisam jauns cilvēks — on the command bridge stood Kondruss, in appearance yet a quite young person (= man)
  3. (in vehicles) axle (part of the chassis which link the wheels of opposing sides)
    dzenošie tilti — powered axle
    pārnesumkārbas un pakaļējais tilts ievietoti vienā karterī — the gearbox and the rear axle (are) placed in a single crankcase
    Konrāds Rinkušs laida spēcīgo ūdens strūklu uz automobiļa tiltiem un rieteņiem, visur, kur vien saskatīja dubļu pikas un netīrumus — Konrāds Rinkušs directed a strong water stream at the car axles and wheels, everywhere where he saw clumps of mud and dirt
  4. (electronics) bridge (element of an electric circuit, used to connect a measuring instrument)
    līdzsvarota tilta slēguma shēmu bieži lieto elektriskajos mērījumos — a balanced bridge connection is often used in electric measurements
  5. (medicine) non-removable denture, supported by natural teeth
    izņemamas protēzes lietotājam sagādā zināmas neērtības, salīdzinot ar iestiprinātām zobu protēzēm, tā saucamiem tiltiem — removable prostheses (dentures) give (their) users some discomfort, in comparison with fixed prostheses (= dentures), the so-called bridges
  6. (sports, martial arts) bridge position, backbend (position of the body in which the raised back rests on the hands (or nape) and feet touching the floor)
    jau trešajā minūtē Hervigs bija tiltā un ar grūtībām izgriezās — as early as the third minute Hervigs was in a bridge and wrung itself out (of it) with difficulty

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “tilts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7