zeugma

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ζεῦγμα (zeûgma, yoking; a bond, a band), from ζεύγνυμι (zeúgnumi, to yoke; to join), from ζεῦγος (zeûgos, a yoke).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zuɡmə/, /zjuɡmə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

zeugma (plural zeugmata or zeugmas)

Examples

We ate coffee and cake, for
We drank coffee and ate cake

  1. (rhetoric) The act of using a word, particularly an adjective or verb, to apply to more than one noun when its sense is appropriate to only one.
  2. (rhetoric) Syllepsis.
    • 1963 July, Fred Sommers, Types and Ontology, in The Philosophical Review, Volume LXXII, Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series in Philosophy, page 343,
      The existence of zeugmas suggests the rule of transitivity. Zeugmas appear incorrect because they embody an allegedly univocal use of a term in a way which violated[sic] the rule of transitivity.
    • 2008, Amanda Holton, The Sources of Chaucer's Poetics, page 104,
      Thus I would describe 'He took his leave and the wrong umbrella' as zeugma, but not 'He took his hat and umbrella'.
      Zeugma is an important element in Chaucer's poetic technique, not because he uses it, but because he so regularly turns it down.

Related terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Some writers distinguish between zeugma and syllepsis, while others do not.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ζεῦγμα (zeûgma, bond; yoking).

Noun[edit]

zeugma m (plural zeugmes)

  1. zeugma

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ζεῦγμα (zeûgma, bond; yoking).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

zeugma n (genitive zeugmatis); third declension

  1. zeugma

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative zeugma zeugmata
genitive zeugmatis zeugmatum
dative zeugmatī zeugmatibus
accusative zeugma zeugmata
ablative zeugmate zeugmatibus
vocative zeugma zeugmata

References[edit]

  • zeugma in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Latin zeugma, from Ancient Greek ζεῦγμα (zeûgma, bond, yoking).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

zeugma m (plural zeugmas)

  1. (rhetoric) zeugma

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zeǔɡma/
  • Hyphenation: ze‧ug‧ma

Noun[edit]

zeùgma f (Cyrillic spelling зеу̀гма)

  1. zeugma

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Latin zeugma, from Ancient Greek ζεῦγμα (zeûgma, bond, yoking).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

zeugma m (plural zeugmas)

  1. (rhetoric) zeugma

Derived terms[edit]