◌̂

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See also: ^ [U+005E CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT], ˆ◌ [U+02C6 MODIFIER LETTER CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT], and Appendix:Variations of "^"
◌̂ U+0302, ̂
COMBINING CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT
◌́
[U+0301]
Combining Diacritical Marks ◌̃
[U+0303]

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A circumflex accent as a combining character.
  2. (linguistics) Used to indicate a falling tone.

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called ĉapelo (hat) in Esperanto, and found on Ĉ/ĉ, Ĝ/ĝ, Ĥ/ĥ, Ĵ/ĵ and Ŝ/ŝ.

French[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called accent circonflexe (circumflex accent) in French, and found on Â/â, Ê/ê, Î/î, Ô/ô and Û/û.

Japanese[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called サーカムフレックス (circumflex) in Japanese, and found on Â/â, Ê/ê, Î/î, Ô/ô and Û/û.

Usage notes[edit]

In a number of romanization systems of Japanese, particularly Kunrei-shiki, the circumflex indicates that a vowel is a long vowel.

Other romanization systems, particularly Hepburn, use the macron (an uppermost horizontal line: ¯) for that purpose.


Ligurian[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called acénto circonflèsso (circumflex accent) in Ligurian, and found on Â/â, Ê/ê, Î/î, Ô/ô and Û/û.
    1. Used to denote a stressed or unstressed /aː/, /eː/, /iː/, /uː/, /yː/

See also[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. Represents the fifth tone of Taiwanese Hokkien in Pe̍h-ōe-jī.

Portuguese[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called acento circunflexo (circumflex accent) in Portuguese, and found on Â/â, Ê/ê and Ô/ô.
    1. In the letter "a", forms "â" with the stressed sound /ɐ/, as in ânion and momentâneo.
    2. In the letter "e", forms "ê" with the stressed sound /e/, as in nêutron and português.
    3. In the letter "o", forms "ô" with the stressed sound /o/, as in avô and pôr.

Romanian[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called accent circumflex (circumflex accent) in Romanian, and found on Â/â and Î/î.

Vietnamese[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called dấu mũ (hat mark) in Vietnamese, and found on Â/â, /, /, /, /, /, Ê/ê, /, /, /, /ế, /, Ô/ô, /, /, /, / and /.

Usage notes[edit]

In Vietnamese handwriting and signmaking, this diacritical mark often appears curved, similar to an inverted breve.


Welsh[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called acen grom (curved accent) in Welsh, and found on Â/â, Ê/ê, Î/î, Ô/ô, Û/û, Ŵ/ŵ and Ŷ/ŷ.

Yoruba[edit]

Diacritical mark[edit]

◌̂

  1. (obsolete) A diacritical mark of the Latin script, called àmì ohùn ẹlẹ́yọ̀ọ́rodò (falling-tone mark). Formerly used to indicate falling-tone, now written as ◌́ followed by ◌̀

See also[edit]

tone marks