κάθομαι

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Medieval verb of the 10th century in synchronic use with Ancient Greek κάθημαι (káthēmai, to sit, to sit down, to be idle).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

κάθομαι (káthomai)

  1. (Ancient Greek) —
  2. (Medieval Byzantine)
    1. sit or be at a place
    2. stay, reside, I am at a place
    3. remain at a place
    4. (miliatry) to camp
    5. to be at a state, condition of
      • 16th.17th century Θρῆνος τῶν τεσσάρων Πατριαρχείων. [Lament of the four Patriarchates] Ed: Karl Krumbacher.
        κάθομαι εἰς λύπηνkáthomai eis lúpēnI am sad (literally: I sit in sadness)
    6. associate with people
      • 12th century Σπανέας. [Spaneas] B.212. (didactic poem in the vernacular)
        ὅταν μέ φίλους κάθεσαι, μνήσκου τούς ἀποδήμους
        hótan mé phílous káthesai, mnḗskou toús apodḗmous
        when you are among friends, remember the ones absent (who are at far away places))
    7. to be occupied with
      • 12th century Σπανέας. [Spaneas] Α.45. (didactic poem in the vernacular)
        κάθου κι ἀνάγνωθέ τους
        káthou ki anágnōthé tous
        literally: sit and read to them
    8. I remain idle
      • 15th century Λεόντιος Mαχαιρᾶς [Leontios Machaeras], Ἐξήγησις τῆς γλυκείας χώρας Kύπρου... 36815. Ed. R.M. Dawkins, Recital concerning the sweet land of Cyprus entitled “Chronicle”, Oxford 1932
        νά κουρσεύγουν τό νησίν κι ἐμείς νά καθούμεθαν
        ná kourseúgoun tó nēsín ki emeís ná kathoúmethan
        they plunder the island and us; we ' re sitting idle

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: κάθομαι (káthomai)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kriaras, Emmanuel (vol.1 1969-), “κάθομαι”, in Επιτομή του Λεξικού της Μεσαιωνικής Ελληνικής Δημώδους Γραμματείας [Concise Dictionary of Medieval Vulgar Greek Literature (1100–1669) Vols. I–XIV] (in Greek), Online edition

Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

[1] From Medieval Byzantine Greek κάθομαι (I stay, reside) from Ancient Greek κάθημαι (káthēmai, to sit, to sit down, to be idle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaθome/
  • Hyphenation: κά‧θο‧μαι

Verb[edit]

κάθομαι (káthomai) deponent (past κάθισα/έκατσα)

  1. (at space) sit, sit down
    1. remain standing
      Synonyms: στέκομαι, στήνομαι
    2. stay, reside
  2. (of activity, state of mind)
    1. (+ να) to be occupied with
    2. remain idle, to be bored, doing nothing
    3. accept, be patient
  3. (of things) to retreat, to become sedimented
    Synonyms: καθιζάνω, κατακάθομαι
  4. (idiomatic) of less efficiency, worsened results
  5. (idiomatic) happened by fluke

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  See definitions

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms from κάθομαι
Derived compounds:

Derived expressions:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ κάθομαι in Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.