κλαίω

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

Stems:

  • κλαϝ- > κλα- (κλᾱ́ω (klā́ō)) / κλαυ- (κλαυ-θμός (klau-thmós))
  • κλαϝ-j- > κλαι-
  • κλαϝ-σ- > κλαυσ- (the future κλαύσω (klaúsō), κλαυσῐ-)
  • κλαϝ-ε- > κλαϝ-ε-σ > the future κλαήσω (klaḗsō).

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (to hear). Compare English loud.

Verb[edit]

κλαίω (klaíō)

  1. cry, weep

Alternative forms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Attic forms κλᾱ́ω (klā́ō) (of κλαίω) and κᾱ́ω (kā́ō) (of καίω (kaíō, burn) are the only -άω verbs which are never contracted. For κλῶ (klô) see κλείω (kleíō, shut).

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

and

Compounds and derivatives:

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: κλαίω (klaío). Also from stem κλαυ-,

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From κλείω (kleíō, shut).

Verb[edit]

κλαίω (klaíō)

  1. (Attic, Epic, Doric, contracted) first-person singular future indicative active of κλείω (kleíō)

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κλαίω (klaíō).
Root κλα-. Stems: κλαι- / κλαυσ- > κλαψ- / κλαυθ- > κλαυτ- / κλαυμ > κλαμμ > κλαμ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkleo/
  • Hyphenation: κλαί‧ω

Verb[edit]

κλαίω (klaío) (simple past έκλαψα, passive κλαίγομαι)

  1. (most senses) cry, weep (shed tears)
    Το παιδί έκλαιγε γιατί έπεσε κάτω.To paidí éklaige giatí épese káto.The child was crying because he fell down.
    Οι γονείς μου κλάψανε από χαρά όταν άκουσαν τα καλά νέα.Oi goneís mou klápsane apó chará ótan ákousan ta kalá néa.My parents wept for joy when they heard the good news.
  2. (intransitive, of eyes) water, run (as when cutting onions etc)
    Τα μάτια κλαίνε όταν καθαρίζει κανείς κρεμμύδια.Ta mátia klaíne ótan katharízei kaneís kremmýdia.The eyes water when one is peeling onions.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) mourn, grieve for (a person or thing)
    Ολόκληρο το χωριό τον έκλαψε όταν πέθανε.Olókliro to chorió ton éklapse ótan péthane.The entire village mourned him when he died.
    Έκλαψε την χαμένη της νιότη.Éklapse tin chaméni tis nióti.She grieved for her lost youth.
  4. (transitive, figuratively) feel sorry for (a person or thing)
    Τον κλαίω με όλα αυτά που του έγιναν.Ton klaío me óla aftá pou tou éginan.I feel sorry for him for all that happened to him.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds of the verb:

Expressions:

Set phrases:

Related terms[edit]