орёл

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See also: орел and Орёл

Russian[edit]

Орёл (1)
Орёл (2)

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Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic орьлъ (orĭlŭ), from Proto-Slavic *orьlъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃érō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

орёл (orjólm anim (genitive орла́, nominative plural орлы́, genitive plural орло́в)

  1. eagle
    • 1839 – 1841, М. Ю. Лермонтов, Герой нашего времени
      Там есть где развернуть холодные крылья, а здесь тебе душно и тесно, как орлу, который с криком бьётся о решётку железной своей клетки.
      Tam jestʹ gde razvernutʹ xolodnyje krylʹja, a zdesʹ tebe dušno i tesno, kak orlu, kotoryj s krikom bʹjótsja o rešótku železnoj svojej kletki.
      • 1916 translation by J.H. Wisdom, Marr Murray
        There mayest thou unfold thy cold wings, but here thou art stifled and confined, like an eagle beating his wings, with a shriek, against the grating of his iron cage!
  2. (colloquial) tails, heads (the side of a coin bearing a coat of arms, e.g. Russia's double-headed eagle)
    орёл и́ли ре́шка?orjól íli réška?heads or tails?
  3. (figuratively) a brave man

Usage notes[edit]

  • The range of species referred to as орёл (orjól) is smaller than the range of species referred to as eagles in English. For example, the bald eagle and other members of Haliaeetus genus are referred to as орла́н (orlán), not орёл (orjól).
  • The terms орёл (orjól) and ре́шка (réška) are applicable only to coins which, like Russia's coinage, have a coat of arms on one side and something else (e.g. the portrait of the head of state or the value of the coin) on the other. The terms аве́рс (avérs) and ре́верс (révers) are more universally applicable, but used mainly in numismatics.

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