саман

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Evenki[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tungusic *samān (shaman), compare Nanai сама̄н. Probably from Sanskrit श्रमण (śramaṇa, ascetic, monk, Sramana) or Pali samaṇa, likely via Middle Chinese 沙門 (shāmén).

An alternative theory derives the Proto-Tungusic word from an ancestor of Nivkh чам (ț’am, eagle, shaman), but the direction of the borrowing is usually taken to be the reverse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сама̄н (samān)

  1. shaman

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasilevič, G. M. (1958), “сама̄н”, in Evɛnkijsko-Russkij slovarʹ [Evenki-Russian dictionary] (in Russian), Moscow: GIS, page 342/2

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Turkic language. See Turkish saman.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сама́н (samánm inan (genitive сама́на, nominative plural сама́ны, genitive plural сама́нов)

  1. adobe (unburnt brick)
    по ме́ре затвердевания, сама́н скла́дывали в колонку с зазо́ром, что́бы быстре́е высыха́л
    po mére zatverdevanija, samán skládyvali v kolonku s zazórom, štóby bystréje vysyxál
    as soon as they hardened, the adobes were piled up in independent columns so that they dried faster
  2. air brick

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]