زمان

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: رمان

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

With the alternative form زَمَن(zaman) an old loan, becoming productive in the root ز م ن(z-m-n), perhaps directly borrowed from or from a close Aramaic relative to Imperial Aramaic 𐡆𐡌𐡍(zmn), 𐡆𐡌𐡀𐡍(zmʾn), borrowed from a late pronunciation of the religiously relevant Old Persian *jamānā (time), reconstructible for Proto-Iranian *ǰámaHnaH, of a native derivation type from Proto-Indo-European.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

زَمَان (zamānm (plural أَزْمِنَة(ʾazmina))

  1. (uncountable and countable) time
    Coordinate term: مَكَان(makān)
    Synonym: زَمَن(zaman)
  2. age (A particular period of time in history)
  3. season
    أزمنة السّنة هي: الخريف والشّتاء والرّبيع والصّيف
    The seasons of the year are: autumn, winter, spring and summer.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: żmien

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “زمان”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 256
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “زمن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 444

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian زمان(zamân).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

زمان (Rumi spelling zaman‎, plural زمان٢‎)

  1. age (particular period of time in history)

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (ODNA), [Book Pahlavi needed] (ẕmʾn'), [Book Pahlavi needed] (zmn'), 𐫉𐫖𐫀𐫗(zmʾn /zamān/), from Old Persian *jamānā.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari زمان
Iranian Persian
Tajik замон (zamon)

زمان (zamân)

  1. time (referring to a broad time period like epoch, period, season, etc. It is not the type of time that one reads from a watch or a clock)
  2. (physics) time
  3. season
  4. epoch
  5. (grammar) tense
  6. death

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic زَمَان(zamān).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /za.maːn/, [zaˈmæːn], [zaˈmaːn]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

زمان (zamānm (plural زمانات(zamānāt))

  1. time, period, era (in the past)
    على زمان الأتراك‎‎ ― ʕala zamān il-ʔatrākin the Ottoman period (literally, “in the time of the Turks”)
  2. (definite) long ago
    انتا متذكر كيف كانت أيّام زمان؟‎‎
    enta mitzakker kīf kānat ʔayyām zamān?
    Do you remember how the old days used to be?
    (literally, “Do you remember how the days of long ago were?”)

Adverb[edit]

زمان (zamān)

  1. (in a) long time
    زمان ما رحت على رام الله.‎‎
    zamān mā ruḥt ʕala rām-allah
    I haven't been to Ramallah in a long time.
    ما شفته من زمان.‎‎
    mā šufto min zamān.
    I haven't seen him in a long time.
    زمان عنّك.‎‎
    zamān ʕannak
    Long time no see.
    (literally, “A long time from you.”)

See also[edit]

  • وقت(waʔt, time)
  • مرّة(marra, time, instance)