زمان

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See also: رمان

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Eventually from Proto-Semitic *zaman-, from the root ز م ن(z-m-n). The regular outcome of the Proto-Semitic etymon is Arabic زَمَن(zaman), however. The form with a long vowel was perhaps borrowed through Middle Persian or another language. Compare Persian زمان(zamân) below for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

زَمَان (zamānm (plural أَزْمِنَة(ʾazmina))

  1. (uncountable and countable) time
    Coordinate term: مَكَان(makān)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: żmien

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “زمان”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 256
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “زمن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 444

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian زمان(zamân).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

زمان (Rumi spelling zaman‎, plural زمان٢‎)

  1. age (particular period of time in history)

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (ODNA), [Book Pahlavi needed] (ẕmʾn'), [Book Pahlavi needed] (zmn'), 𐫉𐫖𐫀𐫗(zmʾn /zamān/), from Akkadian 𒋛𒈠𒉡 (zimān; simanu), from Proto-Semitic *zaman-. Compare Parthian 𐫋𐫖𐫀𐫗(jmʾn /žamān/), Gurani ژەمەن(žaman, meal), Central Kurdish ژەم(jem, meal), and Iranian borrowings Old Armenian ժաման (žaman), ժամանակ (žamanak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian زمان
Iranian Persian
Tajik замон (zamon)

زمان (zamân)

  1. time (referring to a broad time period like epoch, period, season, etc. It is not the type of time that one reads from a watch or a clock)
  2. (physics) time
  3. season
  4. epoch
  5. (grammar) tense
  6. death

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kaufman, Stephen A. (1974) The Akkadian Influences on Aramaic (The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago Assyriological Studies; 19)‎[1], Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, →ISBN, pages 91–92