ям

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See also: ам

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic ꙗсти (jasti), from Proto-Slavic *ěsti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ēˀstei, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁édti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ям (jamimpf

  1. (transitive) to eat, to consume
    Synonyms: храня се (hranja se), консумирам (konsumiram)
  2. (transitive) to cause someone to worry, to eat, to pester, to badger, to nag
    Какво те яде?
    Kakvo te jade?
    What’s eating you?

Conjugation[edit]


Erzya[edit]

Noun[edit]

ям (äm)

  1. soup

Declension[edit]


Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [jam]
    (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Turkic, eventually Chinese or Mongolian. There is no scholarly consensus regarding the direction of borrowing. Generally it is believed that Turkic jam and Chinese zhàn are loanwords from Mongolian ǰam, however some (e.g. Tuymebayev in Казахско-монгольские лексические параллели) believe the directionality is reversed (i.e. Chinese "to stand > stand > station" → Middle Mongolian → Turkic → Russian). Whatever the etymology, what is apparent is that the word jam has been around for a long time and was used by Central Asians to designate a key postal relay station or official.

Compare Mongolian зам (zam).

Noun[edit]

ям (jamm inan (genitive я́ма, nominative plural я́мы, genitive plural я́мов, related adjective ямско́й)

  1. (historical) mail staging post
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ям (jamf inan pl

  1. genitive plural of я́ма (jáma)