ترک

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Malay

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Noun

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ترک (plural ترک-ترک or ترک۲, informal 1st possessive ترککو, 2nd possessive ترکمو, 3rd possessive ترکڽ)

  1. Jawi spelling of trak

Persian

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Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Arabic تَرْك (tark).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? tark
Dari reading? tark
Iranian reading? tark
Tajik reading? tark

Noun

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Dari ترک
Iranian Persian
Tajik тарк

تَرک (tark)

  1. exit, leaving
  2. quitting, abandoning, renouncing
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (twlk' /⁠Turk⁠/), from Old Turkic 𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰜 (t²ür²k̥).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? turk
Dari reading? turk
Iranian reading? tork
Tajik reading? turk

Noun

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Dari ترک
Iranian Persian
Tajik турк

تُرک (tork) (plural تُرکان (torkân) or تُرک‌ها (tork-hâ) or اتراک (atrâk))

  1. Turk, someone of Turkic ethnicity (not necessarily from Turkey, e.g. Iranian Azeris)
    • 2024 June 23, “مسعود پزشکیان در هر فرصتی بر تُرک بودن خود تأکید می‌کند”, in fararu.com[1], Fararu:
      مسعود پزشکیان، وزیر سابق بهداشت و نماینده باسابقه تبریز، در طول مبارزات انتخاباتی ریاست جمهوری خود همواره بر تُرک بودن خود تاکید کرده است، همانطور که در طول دوران سیاسی خود بر این موضوع تاکید داشته است.
      mas'ud-e pezeškiyân, vazir-e sâbeq-e behdâšt va namâyande-ye bâ-sâbeqe-ye tabriz, dar tul-e mobârezât-e entexâbâti riyâsat-e jomhuri-ye xod hamvâre bar tork budan-e xod ta'kid karde ast, hamântowr ke dar tul-e dowrân-e siyâsi-ye xod bar in mowzu' ta'kid dâšte ast.
      Masoud Pezeshkian, the former Minister of Health and Tabriz's veteran representative [in Parliament], has always emphasized that he is an [Azeri] Turk throughout his presidential campaign, just as he has emphasized this fact throughout his political career.
  2. (poetic) the beloved, often in imagery comparing the beloved to a beautiful but cruel Turkish warrior who sacks and plunders the lover's heart.
    • c. 1390, Shams-ud-Dīn Muḥammad Ḥāfiẓ, “Ghazal 3”, in دیوان حافظ [The Divān of Ḥāfiẓ]‎[2]:
      اگر آن ترک شیرازی به‌ دست‌ آرد دل ما را
      به خال هندویش بخشم سمرقند و بخارا را
      agar ān turk-i šērāzī ba dast ārad dil-i mā rā
      ba xāl-i hindūyaš baxšam samarqand u buxārā rā
      If that Shirazi Turk should take my heart within her hand,
      For her Indian [i.e. black] mole, I shall give Samarqand and Bukhārā.
      (Classical Persian transliteration)
Alternative forms
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Byzantine Greek: Τοῦρκος (Toûrkos)
  • Hindustani:
    Hindi: तुर्क (turk)
    Urdu: تُرک (turk)

Etymology 3

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Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? tarak
Dari reading? tarak
Iranian reading? tarak
Tajik reading? tarak

Noun

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Dari ترک
Iranian Persian
Tajik тарак

تَرَک (tarak)

  1. crack, crevice

Verb

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ترک (tarak)

  1. present stem form of ترکیدن (tarakidan, to crack, to explode)

Further reading

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  • Hayyim, Sulayman (1934) “ترک”, in New Persian–English dictionary, Teheran: Librairie-imprimerie Béroukhim

Punjabi

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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تْرَکّ (trakkm (Gurmukhi spelling ਤਰੱਕ)

  1. mess, dump
    Synonym: کِھلارا (khilārā)
  2. (literally) decomposed or burnt leftovers

Further reading

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Urdu

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Etymology

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From Classical Persian تُرک (turk), or conversely through Chagatai.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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تُرک (turkm or f (Hindi spelling तुर्क)

  1. a Turkic person; a speaker of a Turkic language, or bearer of Turkic heritage
  2. a Turkish person; a citizen of Turkey

Derived terms

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