مسجد

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Noun of place from the verb سَجَدَ (sajada, to bow down), from the root س ج د (s-j-d). Likely borrowed from a regional Aramaic term for a place of worship, attested in Nabataean Aramaic 𐢓𐢖𐢄𐢅𐢀 (msgdʾ) and in Imperial Aramaic 𐡌𐡎𐡂𐡃𐡀 (msgdʾ) already in the 5th century BCE, the emphatic state of which seems to underlie some of the Romance descendants.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mas.d͡ʒid/
    • (Hijazi) IPA(key): [mas.d͡ʒɪd], [mas.ʒɪd]

Noun[edit]

مَسْجِد (masjidm (plural مَسَاجِد (masājid))

  1. (Islam) mosque
    مَسْجِد جَامِعmasjid jāmiʕcentral mosque, great mosque

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • msgd”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Schwally, Friedrich (1898), “Lexikalische Studien”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 52, page 134
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “سجد”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Root
س ج د
1 term

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَسْجِد (masjid).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mas.d͡ʒid/, [mas.d͡ʒɪd]

Noun[edit]

مسجد (masjidm (plural مَساجد (masājid))

  1. mosque
    Synonym: (mosque that hosts Friday prayer; usually a bigger mosque) جامِع (jāmiʕ)

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَسْجِد (masjid).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مسجد (Rumi spelling masjid, plural مسجد-مسجد or مسجد۲, informal 1st possessive مسجدکو, 2nd possessive مسجدمو, 3rd possessive مسجدڽ)

  1. mosque (a place of worship for Muslims)

Synonyms[edit]

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic مَسْجِد (masjid, mosque), noun of place from the verb سَجَدَ (sajada, to bow down).

Noun[edit]

مسجد (mescid) (definite accusative مسجدی (mescidi), plural مساجد (mesâcid))

  1. mosque, a place of worship for Muslims, often having at least one minaret
    Synonym: جامع (camiʼ)

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic مَسْجِد (masjid).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? masjiḏ
Dari reading? masjid
Iranian reading? masjed
Tajik reading? masjid

Noun[edit]

Dari مسجد
Iranian Persian
Tajik масҷид

مَسجِد (masjed) (plural مساجد (masâjed) or مسجدها (masjed-hâ))

  1. mosque

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
س ج د
1 term

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَسْجِد (masjid).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mas.ʒid/, [ˈmas.ʒɪd]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

مسجد (masjidm (plural مساجد (masājid))

  1. mosque
    Synonym: جامع (jāmeʕ)

Urdu[edit]

Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian مسجد (masjid), from Arabic مَسْجِد (masjid), from the Arabic root س ج د (s j d, to prostrate; bow; bending; complying).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مَسْجِد (masjidf (formal plural مَساجِد (masājid), Hindi spelling मस्जिद)

  1. mosque
  2. (by extension) a place of worship for prostration:
  3. (Judaism, obsolete) synagogue
    Synonym: کنیسہ (kanīsa)
    • 2019 May 16, شاہ ولی اللہ [Shah Wali-ul-llah], “کراچی میں مقیم یہودیوں کی تاریخ [karācī meṉ maqīm yahūdioṉ kī tārīx]”, in روزنامہ جنگ [Daily Jang]‎[2], Karachi:
      اس عبادت گاہ کو بنی اسرائیل مسجد بھی کہا جاتا تھا۔
      is ʻibādat gāh ko banī isrā'īl masjid bhī kahā jātā thā.
      This place of worship also used to be known as the Bene Israel synagogue.

Usage notes[edit]

While مسجد usually infers the Islamic place of worship – the mosque, broadly speaking, it can be used for other places of worship, but specifically for Abrahamic faiths whose worship involves prostration.

Declension[edit]

Declension of مسجد
singular plural
direct مسجد (masjid) مسجدیں (masjidẽ)
oblique مسجد (masjid) مسجدوں (masjidõ)
vocative مسجد (masjid) مسجدو (masjido)

Further reading[edit]

  • مسجد”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • مسجد”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “مسجد”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.