ناموس

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Classical Syriac ܢܳܡܘܿܣܳܐ(nāmōsā), from Ancient Greek νόμος (nómos). Already in Pre-Islamic times the meaning of this foreign word got debauched and hence apart from the application for “godly law”, from which the word originates, it has meant human law, virtue, respect, doctrines, even natural laws. And the application to a certain person derives from the role of Gabriel entrusted in transmitting the revelations of the God of the Gesetzesreligion. This in turn has been misunderstood again as meaning “angel”, hence also the nisba meaning نَامُوسِيّ(nāmūsiyy, angelic). But more vulgarly this relates to all meanings of the three consonants in relation to something being “hidden”; hence also the meaning “cunning”, that is the property of somebody who hides his plans well. In particular the sense of a nematocerous insect – originally African Arabic – comes hence since these insects are active at night and alight in marsh bushes by day, as well as the name of the polecat نِمْس(nims), since these beasts are active at night and alight in burrows, alcoves, wall niches, boles by day. And the name of a cromlech is related to the belief that such stone structures hide mysteries that could only be unveiled by a مَغْرَبِيّ(maḡrabiyy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نَامُوس (nāmūsm (plural نَوَامِيس(nawāmīs))

  1. namus, mos sive fas – one of the notoriously hard to define terms like morals or conscience
  2. confidant, who is trusted in keeping a thing
    • هَذَا النَّامُوسُ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ اللّٰهُ عَلَى مُوسَى
      haḏā n-nāmūsu allaḏī ʾanzala llāhu ʿalā mūsā
      This is the confidant whom God has sent down to Moses.
  3. latibulum, where a hunter or hunting animal retreats to prey later
    Synonyms: قُتْرَة(qutra), قُرْمُوص(qurmūṣ), زَرِيبَة(zarība), زَرْب(zarb)
  4. cromlech, a stone circle, a lithic burial structure in the Sinai connected to various superstitions (also known as namus in English archaeological writing)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

نَامُوس (nāmūsm (collective, singulative نَامُوسَة‎ f (nāmūsa), plural نَامُوسَات(nāmūsāt))

  1. any Nematocera insect: crane flies, gnats, mosquitoes
    Synonyms: بَعُوض(baʿūḍ), (Iraq) بَقّ(baqq), (Syria) قِرْقِس(qirqis), (Syria) جِرْجِس(jirjis), بَرْغَش(barḡaš), خَمُوش(ḵamūš)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

نَامُوس (nāmūs) (obsolete)

  1. cunning, astute

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “ناموس”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 725–726
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 278
  • Freytag, Georg (1837) , “ناموس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 227
  • Freytag, Georg (1837) , “ناموس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 338
  • Lagarde, Paul de (1887) Mittheilungen (in German), volume 2, Göttingen: Dieterichsche Sortimentsbuchhandlung, page 358
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1858) , “Hatte Muḥammad christliche Lehrer?”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (in German), volume 12, pages 701–702
  • Sprenger, Aloys (1859) , “Über den Ursprung und die Bedetung des arabischen Wortes Nâmûs”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 13, archived from the original on 3 August 2019, retrieved 3 August 2019, pages 690–701
  • Viré, François (1993) , “NĀMŪS”, in The Encyclopedia of Islam, volume 7, Leiden: E. J. Brill, →ISBN, pages 953–956
  • Vollers, Karl (1893) , “Vier Lehnwörter im Arabischen”, in Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und verwandte Gebiete[2] (in German), volume 8, pages 102–104
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “ناموس”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 1317

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic نَامُوس(nāmūs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ناموس (nāmūsm (collective, singulative ناموسة‎ f (nāmūsa), paucal ناموسات(nāmūsāt))

  1. mosquitoes
    Synonym: شنيولة(šnīwla)