هود

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

هُود (hūdm

  1. (Islam) Hud, a prophet of Islam, sometimes identified with Eber in the Bible
  2. (Islam) Hud, the eleventh sura of the Qur'an
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from a different Aramaic dialect than from which يَهُودِيّ(yahūdiyy) was borrowed, where the anlauting part was weakened to i or disappeared. No singulative is attested and the form was obsolete already at the time of the Qurʾān, only used formulaically.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

هُود (hūdpl (obsolete)

  1. Jews
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 2:135:
      وَقَالُوا كُونُوا هُودًا أَوْ نَصَارَىٰ تَهْتَدُوا
      waqālū kūnū hūdan ʾaw naṣārā tahtadū
      They say, "Be Jews or Christians [so] you will be guided."
Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Denominal verb from هُود(hūd), with the second triliteral conjugation implying the bestowing of a particular quality.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

هَوَّدَ (hawwada) II, non-past يُهَوِّدُ‎‎ (yuhawwidu)

  1. to Judaize, to make Jewish
    • Hadith
      كُلُّ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ فَأَبَوَاهُ يُهَوِّدَانِهِ أَوْ يُنَصِّرَانِهِ أَوْ يُمَجِّسَانِهِ
      kullu mawlūdin yūladu ʿalā l-fiṭrati faʾabawāhu yuhawwidānihi ʾaw yunaṣṣirānihi ʾaw yumajjisānihi
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

هَوْد (hawdm (obsolete)

  1. verbal noun of هَادَ(hāda) (form I)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hopkins, Simon (1997) , “On the Words for “Jew(s)” in Arabic”, in Uri Rubin, David J. Wasserstein, editors, Dhimmis and Others: Jews and Christians and the World of Classical Islam (Israel Oriental Studies; 17), Eisenbrauns, pages 11–27
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 293–294

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ه و د

From Arabic هَوَّدَ(hawwada).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

هود (hawwad) (form II, non-past يهود(yhawwad))

  1. to descend, to come down, to go down
    Synonyms: نزل(nzal), هبط(hbaṭ)
  2. to get off
    Synonyms: نزل(nzal), هبط(hbaṭ)

Conjugation[edit]