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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.


  • IPA(key): [mɑrtɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [mɑrɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܡܪܬܐ (transliteration neededf (plural ܡܪܬܐ, singular masculine counterpart ܡܪܐ)

  1. lady, mistress, ruler
  2. princess, governess, abbess
  3. patrician, noble
  4. owner
  5. employer
  6. rewarder
  7. author
  8. (in the plural) neighbors/neighbours
  9. best

Proper noun[edit]

ܡܪܬܐ (transliteration neededf

  1. Martha (Biblical figure)
  2. A female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܡ-ܪ-ܪ (m-r-r) related to bitterness. Compare Arabic مِرَّة (mirra(t)) and Hebrew מָרָה (mārâ).

Alternative forms[edit]


  • IPA(key): [mɛrr(ə)θɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [mɛrrɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܡܪܬܐ (transliteration neededf (plural ܡܪܬܐ)

  1. bitterness
  2. (biochemistry) gall, bile, humor/humour
  3. poison, venom
Derived terms[edit]


  • mrh”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, pp. 190b, 191a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 303b-304a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 839b-840a