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From Sanskrit हंस (haṃsa), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns.


हंस (hansm (Urdu spelling ہنس)

  1. swan
  2. Brahminy duck, Tadorna ferruginea



From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĵʰansás, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns. Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬁 (), Ancient Greek χήν (khḗn), Latin ānser, Lingala zoss, German Gans, Old Irish géiss, Russian гусь (gusʹ), Albanian gatë, Old English gōs (whence English goose).



हंस (haṃsám

  1. a goose, gander, swan, flamingo (or other aquatic bird, considered as a bird of passage)
  2. sometimes a mere poetical or mythical bird, said in Rigveda to be able to separate Soma from water, when these two fluids are mixed, and in later literature, milk from water when these two are mixed
  3. also forming in Tigveda the vehicle of the Aśvins, and in later literature that of Brahmā
  4. the soul or spirit (typified by the pure white colour of a goose or swan, and migratory like a goose)
  5. sometimes "the Universal Soul or Supreme Spirit", identified with Virāj, Nārāyaṇa, Vishnu, Shiva, Kāma, and the Sun
  6. (in the dual) "the universal and the individual Spirit"
  7. one of the vital airs
  8. a kind of ascetic
  9. a man of supernatural qualities born under a particular constellation
  10. an unambitious monarch
  11. a horse
  12. an excellent draught-ox (according to some, a buffalo)
  13. a mountain
  14. a temple of a particular form
  15. a kind of mantra or mystical text
  16. silver
  17. envy, malice
  18. name of two metres
  19. (music) a kind of measure
  20. a mystical name of the letter 'h'
  21. a spiritual preceptor


Masculine a-stem declension of हंस
Nom. sg. हंसः (haṃsaḥ)
Gen. sg. हंसस्य (haṃsasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हंसः (haṃsaḥ) हंसौ (haṃsau) हंसाः (haṃsāḥ)
Vocative हंस (haṃsa) हंसौ (haṃsau) हंसाः (haṃsāḥ)
Accusative हंसम् (haṃsam) हंसौ (haṃsau) हंसान् (haṃsān)
Instrumental हंसेन (haṃsena) हंसाभ्याम् (haṃsābhyām) हंसैः (haṃsaiḥ)
Dative हंसाय (haṃsāya) हंसाभ्याम् (haṃsābhyām) हंसेभ्यः (haṃsebhyaḥ)
Ablative हंसात् (haṃsāt) हंसाभ्याम् (haṃsābhyām) हंसेभ्यः (haṃsebhyaḥ)
Genitive हंसस्य (haṃsasya) हंसयोः (haṃsayoḥ) हंसानाम् (haṃsānām)
Locative हंसे (haṃse) हंसयोः (haṃsayoḥ) हंसेषु (haṃseṣu)


Proper noun[edit]

हंस (Haṃsám

  1. name of a Deva-gandharva
  2. name of a Dānava
  3. name of a son of Brahmā
  4. name of a son of Vasu-deva
  5. name of a son of A-riṣṭā
  6. name of a son of Brahma-datta and general of Jarā-saṃdha
  7. name of various authors etc.
  8. name of one of the Moon's horses
  9. name of a mountain
  10. name of the Brahmans in Plakṣa-dvīpa


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1286