हंस

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit हंस (haṃsa), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns.

Noun[edit]

हंस (hansm (Urdu spelling ہنس)

  1. swan
  2. Brahminy duck, Tadorna ferruginea

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰansás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĵʰansás, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns. Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬁 (), Ancient Greek χήν (khḗn), Latin ānser, Lingala zoss, German Gans, Old Irish géiss, Russian гусь (gusʹ), Albanian gatë, Old English gōs (whence English goose).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɦɐ̃.s̪ɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɦɐ̃.s̪ɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    हंस (haṃsám

    1. a goose, gander, swan, flamingo (or other aquatic bird, considered as a bird of passage)
    2. sometimes a mere poetical or mythical bird, said in Rigveda to be able to separate Soma from water, when these two fluids are mixed, and in later literature, milk from water when these two are mixed
    3. the soul or spirit (typified by the pure white colour of a goose or swan, and migratory like a goose)
    4. sometimes "the Universal Soul or Supreme Spirit", identified with Virāj, Nārāyaṇa, Vishnu, Shiva, Kāma, and the Sun
    5. (in the dual) "the universal and the individual Spirit"
    6. a kind of ascetic
    7. a man of supernatural qualities born under a particular constellation
    8. an excellent draught-ox (according to some, a buffalo)
    9. a temple of a particular form
    10. a kind of mantra or mystical text
    11. name of two metres
    12. (music) a kind of measure
    13. a mystical name of the letter 'h'
    14. a spiritual preceptor

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of हंस (haṃsá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative हंसः
    haṃsáḥ
    हंसौ
    haṃsaú
    हंसाः / हंसासः¹
    haṃsā́ḥ / haṃsā́saḥ¹
    Vocative हंस
    háṃsa
    हंसौ
    háṃsau
    हंसाः / हंसासः¹
    háṃsāḥ / háṃsāsaḥ¹
    Accusative हंसम्
    haṃsám
    हंसौ
    haṃsaú
    हंसान्
    haṃsā́n
    Instrumental हंसेन
    haṃséna
    हंसाभ्याम्
    haṃsā́bhyām
    हंसैः / हंसेभिः¹
    haṃsaíḥ / haṃsébhiḥ¹
    Dative हंसाय
    haṃsā́ya
    हंसाभ्याम्
    haṃsā́bhyām
    हंसेभ्यः
    haṃsébhyaḥ
    Ablative हंसात्
    haṃsā́t
    हंसाभ्याम्
    haṃsā́bhyām
    हंसेभ्यः
    haṃsébhyaḥ
    Genitive हंसस्य
    haṃsásya
    हंसयोः
    haṃsáyoḥ
    हंसानाम्
    haṃsā́nām
    Locative हंसे
    haṃsé
    हंसयोः
    haṃsáyoḥ
    हंसेषु
    haṃséṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    हंस (haṃsám

    1. name of a Deva-gandharva
    2. name of a Dānava
    3. name of a son of Brahmā
    4. name of a son of Vasu-deva
    5. name of a son of A-riṣṭā
    6. name of a son of Brahma-datta and general of Jarā-saṃdha
    7. name of various authors etc.
    8. name of one of the Moon's horses
    9. name of a mountain
    10. name of the Brahmans in Plakṣa-dvīpa

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1286