हंस

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit हंस (haṃsa), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

हंस (hansm (Urdu spelling ہنس‎)

  1. swan
  2. Brahminy duck, Tadorna ferruginea

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰansás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰansás, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns. Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬁(), Ancient Greek χήν (khḗn), Latin ānser, Lingala zoss, German Gans, Old Irish géiss, Russian гусь (gusʹ), Albanian gatë, Old English gōs (whence English goose).

Alternative scripts[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

हंस (haṃsám

  1. a goose, gander, swan, flamingo (or other aquatic bird, considered as a bird of passage)
  2. sometimes a mere poetical or mythical bird, said in Rigveda to be able to separate Soma from water, when these two fluids are mixed, and in later literature, milk from water when these two are mixed
  3. the soul or spirit (typified by the pure white colour of a goose or swan, and migratory like a goose)
  4. sometimes "the Universal Soul or Supreme Spirit", identified with Virāj, Nārāyaṇa, Vishnu, Shiva, Kāma, and the Sun
  5. (in the dual) "the universal and the individual Spirit"
  6. a kind of ascetic
  7. a man of supernatural qualities born under a particular constellation
  8. an excellent draught-ox (according to some, a buffalo)
  9. a temple of a particular form
  10. a kind of mantra or mystical text
  11. name of two metres
  12. (music) a kind of measure
  13. a mystical name of the letter 'h'
  14. a spiritual preceptor

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of हंस (haṃsá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative हंसः
haṃsáḥ
हंसौ
haṃsaú
हंसाः / हंसासः¹
haṃsā́ḥ / haṃsā́saḥ¹
Vocative हंस
háṃsa
हंसौ
háṃsau
हंसाः / हंसासः¹
háṃsāḥ / háṃsāsaḥ¹
Accusative हंसम्
haṃsám
हंसौ
haṃsaú
हंसान्
haṃsā́n
Instrumental हंसेन
haṃséna
हंसाभ्याम्
haṃsā́bhyām
हंसैः / हंसेभिः¹
haṃsaíḥ / haṃsébhiḥ¹
Dative हंसाय
haṃsā́ya
हंसाभ्याम्
haṃsā́bhyām
हंसेभ्यः
haṃsébhyaḥ
Ablative हंसात्
haṃsā́t
हंसाभ्याम्
haṃsā́bhyām
हंसेभ्यः
haṃsébhyaḥ
Genitive हंसस्य
haṃsásya
हंसयोः
haṃsáyoḥ
हंसानाम्
haṃsā́nām
Locative हंसे
haṃsé
हंसयोः
haṃsáyoḥ
हंसेषु
haṃséṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

हंस (haṃsám

  1. name of a Deva-gandharva
  2. name of a Dānava
  3. name of a son of Brahmā
  4. name of a son of Vasu-deva
  5. name of a son of A-riṣṭā
  6. name of a son of Brahma-datta and general of Jarā-saṃdha
  7. name of various authors etc.
  8. name of one of the Moon's horses
  9. name of a mountain
  10. name of the Brahmans in Plakṣa-dvīpa

References[edit]