忙しい

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いそが
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Derived from the verb 急ぐ (isogu, to hurry, to rush, to hasten), using the adjectivizing suffix しい (-shii, having that kind of quality).[1][2]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

忙しい (-i inflection, hiragana いそがしい, rōmaji isogashii)

  1. busy
     (かれ)はいつも (いそが)しいことを () (わけ)にしている。
    Kare wa itsumo isogashii koto o iiwake ni shite iru.
    He always uses the excuse that he is too busy.
    • c. 10011014, Murasaki Shikibu, Genji Monogatari (Otome), text here:
      大殿 (おおとの)も、かやうの御遊 (おあそ)びに心止 (こころと)めたまひて、いそがしき御政事 (ごせいじ)どもをば (のが)れたまふなりけり。
      Ōtono mo, kayau no o-asobi ni kokoro tometamahite, isogashiki go-seiji domo oba nogaretamafu narikeri.
      The lord would also kept his attention on this kind of pleasure, and escape from all his busy governmental duties.
Inflection[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
せわ(しい)
Grade: S
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

忙しい (-i inflection, hiragana せわしい, rōmaji sewashii, historical hiragana せはしい)

  1. busy, hurried
  2. restless, fidgety
Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.