忙しい

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いそが(しい)
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Derived from the verb 急ぐ (isogu, to hurry, to rush, to hasten), using the adjectivizing suffix しい (-shii, having that kind of quality).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

忙しい (-i inflection, hiragana いそがしい, rōmaji isogashii)

  1. busy
     (かれ)はいつも (いそが)しいことを () (わけ)にしている。
    Kare wa itsumo isogashii koto o iiwake ni shite iru.
    He always uses the excuse that he is too busy.
    • c. 1001–1014, Genji Monogatari , text here:
      大殿 (おおとの)も、かやうの御遊 (おあそ)びに心止 (こころと)めたまひて、いそがしき () (せい) ()どもをば (のが)れたまふなりけり。
      Ōtono mo, kayau no o-asobi ni kokoro tometamahite, isogashiki go-seiji domo oba nogaretamafu narikeri.
      The lord would also kept his attention on this kind of pleasure, and escape from all his busy governmental duties.
Alternative forms[edit]
Inflection[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
せわ(しい)
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

忙しい (-i inflection, hiragana せわしい, rōmaji sewashii, historical hiragana せはしい)

  1. busy; hurried
  2. restless; fidgety

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.