河豚

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Chinese[edit]

river suckling pig
simp. and trad.
(河豚)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

河豚

  1. blowfish; puffer

Hyponyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

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河豚 (fugu, katon): a blowfish in a tank.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: S
Irregular

In light of the older pronunciation fuku,[1] most likely derived from the verb 吹く(fuku, to blow), perhaps from the way the fish blow sand to find food. Alternatively, related to the verb 膨れる(fukureru, to swell up, to expand).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

河豚 ‎(hiragana ふぐ, katakana フグ, romaji fugu)

  1. a blowfish
  2. (slang) a fat and unattractive woman
  3. (slang) someone who is quick to anger and who puffs up
  4. (slang) a gun (from the way that getting hit may kill)
Synonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
とん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese term 河豚(/ɣa dwonX, literally river + pig). Compare modern Mandarin reading hétún.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

河豚 ‎(hiragana かとん, romaji katon)

  1. blowfish
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is less common than fugu above.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0