素晴らしい

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
は > ば
Grade: 2
jūbakoyomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally derived from verb 窄る (subaru, to shrink, to get smaller) + adjectivizing suffix しい (-shii, evoking the quality of the suffixed term), from the sense of “that which makes one shrink away”.

The initial sense was strongly negative, and this usage continued until at least the mid-1800s in the Edo period. Since then, the meaning shifted to a strong positive instead.[1][2][3] Compare the development of English terrific, of strongly positive meanings, from terrify, of strongly negative meanings.

The kanji spelling is an example of ateji (当て字).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

素晴らしい (-i inflection, hiragana すばらしい, rōmaji subarashii)

  1. terrific, wonderful, splendid, grand, magnificent
  2. (archaic) extreme, terrible

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0