茗荷

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Japanese[edit]

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茗荷 (myōga, mega): a myoga flower bud.
茗荷 (myōga): one of the various designs of the myoga family crest.
Commons:Category

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
みょう
Hyōgaiji

Grade: 3
on’yomi

/meɡa//meuɡa//mjoːɡa/

From earlier mega (see below).[1][2][3] The kanji spelling is an example of phonetic ateji.[1][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

茗荷 (hiragana みょうが, katakana ミョウガ, rōmaji myōga, historical hiragana めうが)

  1. myoga or Japanese ginger (Zingiber mioga), of which only the shoots and flower buds are used in cooking
  2. a dimwit, an idiot, a stupid person (from a folk belief that excess consumption of myoga causes forgetfulness)
  3. a kind of 家紋 (kamon, family crest)
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ミョウガ.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji

Grade: 3
Irregular

From Old Japanese [Term?]. Some sources[1][2][3] mention that this might be a compound of (me, sprout) + (ka, fragrant). However, the semantics are backwards compared to most other Japanese compounds. In addition, this term appears in writings of the Nara period with the spellings and .[1] The me syllable here is spelled phonetically with the so-called Type-A or 甲類 (kōrui) reading of e1, but in Old Japanese had the Type-B or 乙類 (otsurui) reading of e2. These two different e phonetic values were distinct in Old Japanese, indicating that (me, sprout) + (ka, fragrant) is not the actual derivation.

(For more details on Old Japanese spellings and phonetic values, see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )

This reading is obsolete in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

茗荷 (hiragana めが, rōmaji mega)

  1. (obsolete) myoga or Japanese ginger (Zingiber mioga)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN