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See also: and
U+9BF0, 鯰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BF0

[U+9BEF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BF1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195, +8, 19 strokes, cangjie input 弓火人戈心 (NFOIP), four-corner 28332, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1473, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46285
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2005, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4697, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+9BF0

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“fishes in Siluriformes, especially Amur catfish”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Usage notes[edit]

Commonly used for the catfish sense in written Chinese, due to the rarity usage of (nián).


Japanese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

A 国字 (kokuji, Japanese-coined character),[1] using the radical on the left for its meaning of “fish”, and on the right for its phonetic value as a homophone of (nen, sticky; slimy).

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. a catfish

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

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  on Japanese Wikipedia
鯰 (namazu): a biologist's depiction of a Amur catfish (Japanese catfish).
Kanji in this term
なまず
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Possibly from (nama, slippery, slimy, possible ancient alternate for name reading) +‎ (zu, head).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なまず, katakana ナマズ, rōmaji namazu, historical hiragana なまづ)

  1. an Amur catfish (Silurus asotus)

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN