Appendix:Danish numerals

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

The name of a Danish two-digit number undivisible by ten and larger than twenty is created by combining the name of the last digit with the name of the multiple of ten (in that order) and with og ("and") between. For example, twenty-three is treogtyve ("three-and-twenty"), and seventy-five is femoghalvfjerds ("five-and-seventy"). 1 is pronounced en if the last digit, and the penultimate digit is non-zero. So 31 is enogtredive, not *etogtredive.

Three-digit numbers are otherwise created as in English: the name of the first digit, followed by hundrede (or hundred), followed by the name of the two last digits (if non-zero). For example, 356 is trehundredeseksoghalvtreds (three-hundred-six-and-fifty). For numbers lower than 200, hundrede is preceded either by et or by nothing, but never by en. So 134 can be pronounced ethundredefireogtredive or hundredefireogtredive, but never *enhundredefireogtredive.

Numbers of four or more digits are also created much as in English: the number is mentally divided into multiples of three digits, starting from the right. The first, left-most, portion is named as were it a single number, then the name of the appropriate power of 1000 follows, after which comes the similar name of the second portion etc. These multiples of digits may optionally be separated by apostrophes (') or full stops (.), but never by commas (,). Danish uses the long scale, so one short scale billion is en milliard, one short scale trillion is en billion, one short scale quadrillion is en billiard, and so on. For example, 1.029.485.034.025 would be pronounced enbillionniogtyvemilliarderfirehundredefemogfirsmillionerfireogtredivetusindfemogtyve, ("one-trillion-nine-and-twenty-billions-four-hundred-five-and-eighty-millions-four-and-thirty-thousand-five-and-twenty").

Commas are used for decimals, so 3.1415 is 3,1415 (pronounced tre komma et fire et fem or tre komma en fire en fem).

Ordinal numbers are written by appending a full stop, so "fifth" is 5. or femte, but not *5te.

When not followed by a power of ten, a noun or a multiple of ten, en and et are interchangeable. So 1 + 1 = 2 might be et plus et er lig med to or en plus en er lig med to (or, less elegantly, en plus et er lig med to or et plus en er lig med to). 101 might be pronounced hundredeoget or hundredeogen.

Ordered by numerical value[edit]

Counting numbers

Cardinal number Ordinal number
0 nul nulte
1 en c, et n først
2 to anden
3 tre tredje
4 fire fjerde
5 fem femte
6 seks sjette
7 syv syvende
8 otte ottende
9 nine niende
Cardinal number Ordinal number
10 ti tiende
11 elleve ellevte, elvte
12 tolv tolvte
13 tretten trettende
14 fjorten fjortende
15 femten femtende
16 seksten sekstende
17 sytten syttende
18 atten attende
19 nitten nittende

Multiples of ten

Cardinal number Ordinal number
10 ti tiende
20 tyve tyvende
30 tredive tredivte, tredvte
40 fyrre fyrrende
50 halvtreds halvtredsende
60 tres tressende, tresindstyvende
70 halvfjerds halvfjerdsende, halvfjerdsindstyvende
80 firs firsende, firsindstyvende
90 halvfems halvfemsende, halvfemsindstyvende
100 hundrede, hundred hundrede
Cardinal number Ordinal number
100 hundrede, hundred hundrede
1000 tusinde, tusind tusinde
10000 titusinde, titusind titusinde
100000 hundredetusinde, hundredetusind hundredetusinde
1000000 million millionte

See also[edit]