Babylon

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See also: Babylón

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Babylōn, from Ancient Greek Βαβυλών (Babulṓn), from Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (bābili [KA2.DINGIR.RAKI], literally Gate of God), translation of Sumerian 𒆍𒀭𒊏 (kan diŋirak); the name of the ancient Chaldean capital and Biblical city of the Apocalypse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Babylon

  1. A city in ancient Mesopotamia built on the banks of the Euphrates, which was the capital of Babylonia.
  2. Any city of great wealth, luxury and vice.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 2, in A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      Mother [] considered that the exclusiveness of Peter's circle was due not to its distinction, but to the fact that it was an inner Babylon of prodigality and whoredom, from which every Kensingtonian held aloof, except on the conventional tip-and-run excursions in pursuit of shopping, tea and theatres.
  3. (Rastafarian) Western civilization, seen as corrupt and materialistic, and contrasted with Zion.

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Babylon m

  1. Babylon

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Babylon in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957

Danish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Babylon

  1. Babylon

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Βαβυλών (Babulṓn), from Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Bābili [KA2.DINGIR.RAKI], literally Gate of God), translation of Sumerian 𒆍𒀭𒊏 (KA.DINGIR); the name of the ancient Chaldean capital and Biblical city of the Apocalypse.

Proper noun[edit]

Babylōn f (genitive Babylōnis); third declension

  1. (geography) Babylon

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative Babylōn Babylōnēs
genitive Babylōnis Babylōnum
dative Babylōnī Babylōnibus
accusative Babylōnem Babylōnēs
ablative Babylōne Babylōnibus
vocative Babylōn Babylōnēs

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Babylon in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press

  • Babylon” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Babylon in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[2]
  • Babylon in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Babylon in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Scots[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Babylon

  1. Babylon