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From circum- (around) +‎ veniō (come).



circumveniō (present infinitive circumvenīre, perfect active circumvēnī, supine circumventum); fourth conjugation

  1. I surround.
  2. I beset, oppress, distress, overthrow.
  3. I circumvent, deceive, cheat, trick.


   Conjugation of circumvenio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumveniō circumvenīs circumvenit circumvenīmus circumvenītis circumveniunt
imperfect circumveniēbam circumveniēbās circumveniēbat circumveniēbāmus circumveniēbātis circumveniēbant
future circumveniam circumveniēs circumveniet circumveniēmus circumveniētis circumvenient
perfect circumvēnī circumvēnistī circumvēnit circumvēnimus circumvēnistis circumvēnērunt, circumvēnēre
pluperfect circumvēneram circumvēnerās circumvēnerat circumvēnerāmus circumvēnerātis circumvēnerant
future perfect circumvēnerō circumvēneris circumvēnerit circumvēnerimus circumvēneritis circumvēnerint
passive present circumvenior circumvenīris, circumvenīre circumvenītur circumvenīmur circumvenīminī circumveniuntur
imperfect circumveniēbar circumveniēbāris, circumveniēbāre circumveniēbātur circumveniēbāmur circumveniēbāminī circumveniēbantur
future circumveniar circumveniēris, circumveniēre circumveniētur circumveniēmur circumveniēminī circumvenientur
perfect circumventus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect circumventus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect circumventus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumveniam circumveniās circumveniat circumveniāmus circumveniātis circumveniant
imperfect circumvenīrem circumvenīrēs circumvenīret circumvenīrēmus circumvenīrētis circumvenīrent
perfect circumvēnerim circumvēnerīs circumvēnerit circumvēnerīmus circumvēnerītis circumvēnerint
pluperfect circumvēnissem circumvēnissēs circumvēnisset circumvēnissēmus circumvēnissētis circumvēnissent
passive present circumveniar circumveniāris, circumveniāre circumveniātur circumveniāmur circumveniāminī circumveniantur
imperfect circumvenīrer circumvenīrēris, circumvenīrēre circumvenīrētur circumvenīrēmur circumvenīrēminī circumvenīrentur
perfect circumventus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect circumventus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumvenī circumvenīte
future circumvenītō circumvenītō circumvenītōte circumveniuntō
passive present circumvenīre circumvenīminī
future circumvenītor circumvenītor circumveniuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives circumvenīre circumvēnisse circumventūrus esse circumvenīrī circumventus esse circumventum īrī
participles circumveniēns circumventūrus circumventus circumveniendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
circumvenīre circumveniendī circumveniendō circumveniendum circumventum circumventū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • circumvenio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • circumvenio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • circumvenio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make the round of the sentries: circumvenire vigilias (Sall. Iug. 45. 2)
    • to surround the enemy from the rear: circumvenire hostem aversum or a tergo (B. G. 2. 26)