From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From dē- +‎ currō.



dēcurrō (present infinitive dēcurrere, perfect active dēcurrī, supine dēcursum); third conjugation

  1. to run, flow, move, sail or swim down
    Synonym: dēscendō
    Antonyms: ascendō, cōnscendō, īnscendō, escendō, ēnītor, scandō, superscandō, subeō
  2. to charge or skirmish
  3. to hasten, rush down
    • c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 2.21:
      Caesar, necessariis rebus imperatis, ad cohortandos milites, quam [in] partem fors obtulit, decucurrit et ad legionem decimam devenit.
      Caesar, having given the necessary orders, hastened to and fro into whatever quarter fortune carried him, to animate the troops, and came to the tenth legion.
  4. to exercise or drill (troops)


  • Perfect forms dēcucurrī are occasionally found.
   Conjugation of dēcurrō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēcurrō dēcurris dēcurrit dēcurrimus dēcurritis dēcurrunt
imperfect dēcurrēbam dēcurrēbās dēcurrēbat dēcurrēbāmus dēcurrēbātis dēcurrēbant
future dēcurram dēcurrēs dēcurret dēcurrēmus dēcurrētis dēcurrent
perfect dēcurrī dēcurristī dēcurrit dēcurrimus dēcurristis dēcurrērunt,
pluperfect dēcurreram dēcurrerās dēcurrerat dēcurrerāmus dēcurrerātis dēcurrerant
future perfect dēcurrerō dēcurreris dēcurrerit dēcurrerimus dēcurreritis dēcurrerint
passive present dēcurror dēcurreris,
dēcurritur dēcurrimur dēcurriminī dēcurruntur
imperfect dēcurrēbar dēcurrēbāris,
dēcurrēbātur dēcurrēbāmur dēcurrēbāminī dēcurrēbantur
future dēcurrar dēcurrēris,
dēcurrētur dēcurrēmur dēcurrēminī dēcurrentur
perfect dēcursus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēcursus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēcursus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēcurram dēcurrās dēcurrat dēcurrāmus dēcurrātis dēcurrant
imperfect dēcurrerem dēcurrerēs dēcurreret dēcurrerēmus dēcurrerētis dēcurrerent
perfect dēcurrerim dēcurrerīs dēcurrerit dēcurrerīmus dēcurrerītis dēcurrerint
pluperfect dēcurrissem dēcurrissēs dēcurrisset dēcurrissēmus dēcurrissētis dēcurrissent
passive present dēcurrar dēcurrāris,
dēcurrātur dēcurrāmur dēcurrāminī dēcurrantur
imperfect dēcurrerer dēcurrerēris,
dēcurrerētur dēcurrerēmur dēcurrerēminī dēcurrerentur
perfect dēcursus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēcursus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēcurre dēcurrite
future dēcurritō dēcurritō dēcurritōte dēcurruntō
passive present dēcurrere dēcurriminī
future dēcurritor dēcurritor dēcurruntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēcurrere dēcurrisse dēcursūrum esse dēcurrī dēcursum esse dēcursum īrī
participles dēcurrēns dēcursūrus dēcursus dēcurrendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
dēcurrendī dēcurrendō dēcurrendum dēcurrendō dēcursum dēcursū

Derived terms[edit]


  • Catalan: decórrer
  • Galician: decorrer
  • Italian: decorrere
  • Portuguese: decorrer
  • Spanish: decorrerse


  • decurro”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • decurro”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • decurro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to run obliquely down the hill: obliquo monte decurrere
    • to manœuvre: decurrere (in armis)