descendo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From dē- +‎ scandō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dēscendō ‎(present infinitive dēscendere, perfect active dēscendī, supine dēscensum); third conjugation

  1. I climb down, to come down, to descend
  2. I march down
  3. I pierce, to penetrate
  4. I slope down (said of mountains)
  5. I sink (said of the voice)
  6. I lower oneself, to stoop

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of descendo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēscendō dēscendis dēscendit dēscendimus dēscenditis dēscendunt
imperfect dēscendēbam dēscendēbās dēscendēbat dēscendēbāmus dēscendēbātis dēscendēbant
future dēscendam dēscendēs dēscendet dēscendēmus dēscendētis dēscendent
perfect dēscendī dēscendistī dēscendit dēscendimus dēscendistis dēscendērunt, dēscendēre
pluperfect dēscenderam dēscenderās dēscenderat dēscenderāmus dēscenderātis dēscenderant
future perfect dēscenderō dēscenderis dēscenderit dēscenderimus dēscenderitis dēscenderint
passive present dēscendor dēscenderis, dēscendere dēscenditur dēscendimur dēscendiminī dēscenduntur
imperfect dēscendēbar dēscendēbāris, dēscendēbāre dēscendēbātur dēscendēbāmur dēscendēbāminī dēscendēbantur
future dēscendar dēscendēris, dēscendēre dēscendētur dēscendēmur dēscendēminī dēscendentur
perfect dēscensus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēscensus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēscensus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēscendam dēscendās dēscendat dēscendāmus dēscendātis dēscendant
imperfect dēscenderem dēscenderēs dēscenderet dēscenderēmus dēscenderētis dēscenderent
perfect dēscenderim dēscenderīs dēscenderit dēscenderīmus dēscenderītis dēscenderint
pluperfect dēscendissem dēscendissēs dēscendisset dēscendissēmus dēscendissētis dēscendissent
passive present dēscendar dēscendāris, dēscendāre dēscendātur dēscendāmur dēscendāminī dēscendantur
imperfect dēscenderer dēscenderēris, dēscenderēre dēscenderētur dēscenderēmur dēscenderēminī dēscenderentur
perfect dēscensus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēscensus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēscende dēscendite
future dēscenditō dēscenditō dēscenditōte dēscenduntō
passive present dēscendere dēscendiminī
future dēscenditor dēscenditor dēscenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēscendere dēscendisse dēscensūrus esse dēscendī dēscensus esse dēscensum īrī
participles dēscendēns dēscensūrus dēscensus dēscendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
dēscendere dēscendendī dēscendendō dēscendendum dēscensum dēscensū

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • descendo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • descendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.descendo”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to dismount: descendere ex equo
    • to be reduced to one's last resource: ad extremum auxilium descendere
    • to consent to..., lend oneself to..: descendere ad aliquid, ad omnia (vid. sect. V. 9, note Similarly descendere...)
    • to have recourse to extreme measures: descendere ad extrema consilia (Fam. 10. 33. 4)
    • what he said made a deep impression on..: hoc verbum alte descendit in pectus alicuius
    • to descend to the world below: ad inferos descendere
    • to have recourse to force of arms: ad vim et arma descendere (vid. sect. V. 9, note Similarly...)
    • to engage in the fight: in certamen descendere
    • to enter the field of battle: in aciem descendere (Liv. 8. 8)

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

descendo

  1. gerund of descer
  2. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of descender