Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From ex- (out of, from) +‎ arceō (enclose; ward off).



exerceō (present infinitive exercēre, perfect active exercuī, supine exercitum); second conjugation

  1. I keep busy, keep at work, drive on; occupy, practise, employ, exercise (something in a form of action)
  2. I harass, worry
  3. I oversee, superintend, operate
  4. I work (at)
  5. (reflexive or passive) I train, I exercise (e.g., for a race or sport)


   Conjugation of exerceō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exerceō exercēs exercet exercēmus exercētis exercent
imperfect exercēbam exercēbās exercēbat exercēbāmus exercēbātis exercēbant
future exercēbō exercēbis exercēbit exercēbimus exercēbitis exercēbunt
perfect exercuī exercuistī exercuit exercuimus exercuistis exercuērunt, exercuēre
pluperfect exercueram exercuerās exercuerat exercuerāmus exercuerātis exercuerant
future perfect exercuerō exercueris exercuerit exercuerimus exercueritis exercuerint
passive present exerceor exercēris, exercēre exercētur exercēmur exercēminī exercentur
imperfect exercēbar exercēbāris, exercēbāre exercēbātur exercēbāmur exercēbāminī exercēbantur
future exercēbor exercēberis, exercēbere exercēbitur exercēbimur exercēbiminī exercēbuntur
perfect exercitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect exercitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect exercitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exerceam exerceās exerceat exerceāmus exerceātis exerceant
imperfect exercērem exercērēs exercēret exercērēmus exercērētis exercērent
perfect exercuerim exercuerīs exercuerit exercuerīmus exercuerītis exercuerint
pluperfect exercuissem exercuissēs exercuisset exercuissēmus exercuissētis exercuissent
passive present exercear exerceāris, exerceāre exerceātur exerceāmur exerceāminī exerceantur
imperfect exercērer exercērēris, exercērēre exercērētur exercērēmur exercērēminī exercērentur
perfect exercitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect exercitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exercē exercēte
future exercētō exercētō exercētōte exercentō
passive present exercēre exercēminī
future exercētor exercētor exercentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exercēre exercuisse exercitūrum esse exercērī exercitum esse exercitum īrī
participles exercēns exercitūrus exercitus exercendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
exercendī exercendō exercendum exercendō exercitum exercitū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • English: exercise
  • French: exercer
  • Italian: esercire
  • Portuguese: exercer
  • Spanish: ejercer


  • exerceo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exerceo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exerceo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be severely tried by misfortune: multis iniquitatibus exerceri
    • to be at enmity with a man: inimicitias gerere, habere, exercere cum aliquo
    • to follow an artistic profession, practise an art: artem exercere
    • to exercise one's cruelty on some one: crudelitatem exercere in aliquo
    • to be a strict disciplinarian in one's household: severum imperium in suis exercere, tenere (De Sen. 11. 37)
    • to rear stock: rem pecuariam facere, exercere (cf. Varr R. R. 2. 1)
    • to collect the taxes: vectigalia exercere (vid. sect. V. 7, note The first...)
    • to administer justice; to judge (used of criminal cases before the praetor): iudicium exercere (vid. sect. V. 7, note The first...)