exercitus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From exerceō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

exercitus m ‎(feminine exercita, neuter exercitum); first/second declension

  1. occupied, exercised, practised
  2. vexed, harassed
  3. vexatious, severe
  4. disciplined

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative exercitus exercita exercitum exercitī exercitae exercita
genitive exercitī exercitae exercitī exercitōrum exercitārum exercitōrum
dative exercitō exercitō exercitīs
accusative exercitum exercitam exercitum exercitōs exercitās exercita
ablative exercitō exercitā exercitō exercitīs
vocative exercite exercita exercitum exercitī exercitae exercita

Noun[edit]

exercitus m ‎(genitive exercitūs); fourth declension

  1. an exercised, disciplined body of men, an army
  2. the assembly of the people in the Centuria Comitiata, as being a military organization
  3. (poetic) a multitude, host, swarm, flock
  4. a troop, body of attendants
  5. trouble, affliction

Declension[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative exercitus exercitūs
genitive exercitūs exercituum
dative exercituī exercitibus
accusative exercitum exercitūs
ablative exercitū exercitibus
vocative exercitus exercitūs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • exercitus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exercitus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • EXERCITUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.exercitus”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to provide corn-supplies for the troops: frumentum providere exercitui
    • to place some one at the head of an army, give him the command: praeficere aliquem exercitui
    • to be at the head of an army: praeesse exercitui
    • (ambiguous) to raise an army: exercitum conficere (Imp. Pomp. 21. 61)
    • (ambiguous) to levy troops: milites (exercitum) scribere, conscribere
    • (ambiguous) to equip an army, troops: parare exercitum, copias
    • (ambiguous) to support an army: alere exercitum (Off. 1. 8. 25)
    • (ambiguous) to review an army: recensere, lustrare, recognoscere exercitum (Liv. 42. 31)
    • (ambiguous) to disband an army: dimittere exercitum
    • (ambiguous) a numerous army: ingens, maximus exercitus (not numerosus)
    • (ambiguous) soldiers collected in haste; irregulars: milites tumultuarii (opp. exercitus iustus) (Liv. 35. 2)
    • (ambiguous) mercenary troops: milites mercennarii or exercitus conducticius
    • (ambiguous) to advance with the army: procedere cum exercitu
    • (ambiguous) to march down on to..: agmen, exercitum demittere in...
    • (ambiguous) to advance on..: exercitum admovere, adducere ad...
    • (ambiguous) to lead the army to the fight: exercitum educere or producere in aciem
    • (ambiguous) to draw up forces in battle-order: aciem (copias, exercitum) instruere or in acie constituere
    • (ambiguous) to annihilate, cut up the enemy, an army: hostes, exercitum delere, concīdere
    • (ambiguous) the victorious army: exercitus victor
    • (ambiguous) to embark an army: exercitum in naves imponere (Liv. 22. 19)
  • exercitus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exercitus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin