exercitus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From exerceō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

exercitus m ‎(feminine exercita, neuter exercitum); first/second declension

  1. occupied, exercised, practised
  2. vexed, harassed
  3. vexatious, severe
  4. disciplined

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative exercitus exercita exercitum exercitī exercitae exercita
genitive exercitī exercitae exercitī exercitōrum exercitārum exercitōrum
dative exercitō exercitō exercitīs
accusative exercitum exercitam exercitum exercitōs exercitās exercita
ablative exercitō exercitā exercitō exercitīs
vocative exercite exercita exercitum exercitī exercitae exercita

Noun[edit]

exercitus m ‎(genitive exercitūs); fourth declension

  1. an exercised, disciplined body of men, an army
  2. the assembly of the people in the Centuria Comitiata, as being a military organization
  3. (poetic) a multitude, host, swarm, flock
  4. a troop, body of attendants
  5. trouble, affliction

Declension[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative exercitus exercitūs
genitive exercitūs exercituum
dative exercituī exercitibus
accusative exercitum exercitūs
ablative exercitū exercitibus
vocative exercitus exercitūs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • exercitus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.