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See also: Fragen



From Middle High German vrāgen, from Old High German frāgēn, frahēn/frāhēn, which is indirectly derived from Proto-Germanic *frēgōną, from Proto-Indo-European *preḱ- (to ask).[1] Cognate with Dutch vragen (to ask), root-related to Old English freġnan, friġnan (to ask, inquire, learn), Old Norse fregna.


  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈfʁaːɡən/, [ˈfʁaːɡŋ̩]
  • Rhymes: -aːɡn̩
  • Hyphenation: fra‧gen


fragen (weak or mixed, third-person singular present fragt or (dialectal or colloquial) frägt, past tense fragte or (dialectal or colloquial) frug, past participle gefragt, past subjunctive fragte or (dialectal or colloquial) früge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive, usually with a second accusative object) to ask (someone something)
    Darf ich dich etwas fragen?
    May I ask you something?
  2. (transitive, with nach) to ask for, to ask after
  3. (reflexive) to wonder (literally, to ask (oneself))
    Ich frage mich, wer mir helfen kann.
    I wonder who can help me.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Generally, fragen has always been a weak verb. The strong forms of fragen are secondary and now obsolete in formal writing. They live on in dialects and colloquial varieties.


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “Frage, fragen”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • fragen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • fragen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • fragen” in Duden online
  • fragen” in

West Frisian[edit]



  1. plural of fraach