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See also: Fragen



From Middle High German vrāgen, from Old High German frāgēn, frahēn/frāhēn, which is indirectly derived from Proto-Germanic *frēgōną, from Proto-Indo-European *preḱ- (to ask).[1] Cognate with Dutch vragen (to ask). Related to Old English freġnan, friġnan (to ask, inquire, learn).


  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈfʁaːɡən/, [ˈfʁaːɡŋ̩]
  • Rhymes: -aːɡn̩
  • Hyphenation: fra‧gen


fragen (third-person singular present fragt or frägt, past tense fragte or frug, past participle gefragt)

  1. to ask (nach for/after)
  2. (reflexive) to wonder (literally, to ask (oneself))
    Ich frage mich, wer mir helfen kann.
    I wonder who can help me.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Generally, fragen has always been a weak verb.
  • The strong forms of fragen are secondary and now obsolete in formal writing. They live on in dialects and colloquial varieties.


Weak conjugation
Strong conjugation (rare)

Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “Frage, fragen”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]