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Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish glés, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- (to shine). Cognate with Scottish Gaelic gleus, Sanskrit हरि (hari), Old High German glanz (bright), German Glanz.


gléas m (genitive singular gléis, nominative plural gléasanna)

  1. order, adjustment, arrangement, manner, condition
  2. means, facilities; provision, accommodation
  3. instrument, tool, device, appliance, apparatus, outfit
    1. caparison, trappings; dress, attire, apparel
    2. tackle, harness
  4. décor, trappings
  5. (music) key
  6. (uncountable) glaze; sheen, gloss, polish


Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish glésaid (adjusts, prepares, arranges, makes ready (for use or action)), from glés.


gléas (present analytic gléasann, future analytic gléasfaidh, verbal noun gléasadh, past participle gléasta)

  1. (transitive) adjust, arrange
    1. fit out, equip
    2. dress, array
    3. prepare, make ready



Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gléas ghléas ngléas
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  • "gléas" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • glés” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • glésaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.