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Doublets; from Middle Welsh gweith, from Proto-Brythonic *gweiθ, from Proto-Celtic *wextā (time, course, turn) (compare Cornish gweyth, Breton gwezh, Old Irish fecht (journey; time, occasion), Irish feacht (journey; time, occasion)), feminine past participle of Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ- (to carry, drive).


gwaith m (plural gweithiau or gweithoedd)

    1. work, labour, act, deed, task, job; aid
      Mae llawer o waith yng Nghaerdydd.There's lots of work in Cardiff.
    2. something that is or was done deliberately, product of a physical or mental effort (e.g. building, literary or musical composition, needlework), composition, construction, formation
    3. craftsmanship, workmanship, ornamentation, art, execution
  1. fortification, earthwork, fort
    1. a working place, works, factory, manufactory; mine
    2. (especially South Wales, in the plural) industrial district
  2. shape, form, fashion, look, appearance, manner, mode

Related terms[edit]


gwaith f (plural gweithiau)

  1. time (with cardinal numbers, 'how many times', etc.), occasion, course, turn
    Rydyn ni wedi gwylio'r ffilm 'ma dwywaith
    We've watched this film two times
    1. journey, course, migration
    2. (military) battle, combat, action



Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gwaith waith ngwaith unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “gwaith”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies