English [ edit ]
Alternative forms [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , mayme , from mahaime Anglo-Norman mahaim ( “ mutilation ” ), from Old French mahaign ( “ bodily harm, loss of limb ” ), from Proto-Germanic *maidijaną ( “ to cripple, injure ” ) (compare Middle High German meidem, meiden ( “ gelding ” ), Old Norse meiða ( “ to injure ” ), Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 ( , maidjan “ to alter, falsify ” )), from  Proto-Indo-European *mey- ( “ to change ” ). More at . The original meaning referred to the crime of mad maiming, the other senses derived from this.
Meaning #1 may have arisen by popular misunderstanding of the common
journalese expression " rioting and mayhem".
Pronunciation [ edit ]
mayhem ( usually , uncountable plural )
state or situation of great confusion, disorder, trouble or destruction; chaos.
What if the legendary hero Robin Hood had been born into the mayhem of the 20th century ?
In all the mayhem, some children were separated from their partners.
She waded into the mayhem, elbowing between taller men to work her way to the front of the crowd. The clowns would dart into the crowd and pull another unsuspecting victim into the mayhem of the ring Infliction of violent injury on a person or thing.
The fighting dogs created mayhem in the flower beds.
( law ) The maiming of a person by depriving him of the use of any of his limbs which are necessary for defense or protection. ( law ) The crime of damaging things or harming people on purpose.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
χαμός (el) m ( chamós ), της τρελής ( tis trelís ) Hungarian:
felfordulás (hu) Italian:
caos (it) , m confusione (it) f Maori:
, aneatanga , kaumingomingo , kūnakunaku tīrangorango Polish:
chaos (pl) , m bezład (pl) , m bezrząd m Portuguese:
caos (pt) , m confusão (pt) , f desordem (pt) , f tumulto (pt) m Russian:
ха́ос (ru) m ( xáos ), хао́с (ru) m ( xaós ), беспоря́док (ru) m ( besporjádok ) Spanish:
alboroto (es) , m tumulto (es) Welsh: caos m
infliction of violent injury
The maiming of a person by depriving him of the use of any of his limbs which are necessary for defense or protection
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
References [ edit ]
^ Philip Babcock, ed.,
Webster’s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged, s.v. "mayhem" (Springfield, Mass: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 1993.