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Etymology 1[edit]

oikea +‎ -ntaa.[1]


  • IPA(key): /ˈojentɑːˣ/, [ˈo̞je̞n̪t̪ɑ̝ː(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ojentɑː
  • Syllabification(key): o‧jen‧taa


ojentaa (transitive)

  1. to reach out; usually with käsi (hand) (to extend one's hand(s) forward)
    Hän ojensi kätensä ottaakseen kiinni putoavan lumihiutaleen.
    He reached out to catch the falling snowflake.
  2. to stretch out, reach (to fully extend a part of the body)
    Ojenna käsivartesi pääsi yläpuolelle.
    Stretch your arms out above your head.
  3. to extend, project, jut, jut out (to extend a protrusion or appendage outward)
    ojentaa kätensäto extend one's arm
  4. to reach, hand out (to give by stretching out)
    Tehtäväni oli ojentaa esitteitä ohikulkijoille.
    My job was to hand out brochures to the passers-by.
  5. to hand, give, reach, pass (to give, pass or transmit with the hand)
    oikea ojentaa, vasen vastaanottaa (folk wisdom)if your right palm tickles, you will lose something; if your left palm tickles, you will get something (literally, “the right [hand] hands out, the left [hand] gets”)
    Ojentaisitko tämän laatikon tikapuilla olevalle miehelle?
    Can you pass up this box to the guy on the ladder?
  6. to present, bestow (to present a thing as a gift or honour)
    ojentaa palkintoto present a prize
  7. to lend, in the expressions lend a hand, lend a helping hand
    ojentaa auttava käsi
    to lend a helping hand
  8. to reprimand, lambaste, chastise, berate, scold, tell off, chew out (to criticize harshly)
    Opettaja ojensi oppilaitaan.
    The teacher scolded her pupils.
    Kersantti ojensi alokkaita päivittäin.
    The sergeant lambasted the new recruits daily.
  9. to chastise (to punish with corporal punishment)
    Synonyms: kurittaa, rangaista ruumiillisesti
  10. (military) more commonly laittaa ojennukseen, to dress (to arrange in exact continuity of line, as soldiers)
Inflection of ojentaa (Kotus type 54*J/huutaa, nt-nn gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. ojennan en ojenna 1st sing. olen ojentanut en ole ojentanut
2nd sing. ojennat et ojenna 2nd sing. olet ojentanut et ole ojentanut
3rd sing. ojentaa ei ojenna 3rd sing. on ojentanut ei ole ojentanut
1st plur. ojennamme emme ojenna 1st plur. olemme ojentaneet emme ole ojentaneet
2nd plur. ojennatte ette ojenna 2nd plur. olette ojentaneet ette ole ojentaneet
3rd plur. ojentavat eivät ojenna 3rd plur. ovat ojentaneet eivät ole ojentaneet
passive ojennetaan ei ojenneta passive on ojennettu ei ole ojennettu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. ojensin en ojentanut 1st sing. olin ojentanut en ollut ojentanut
2nd sing. ojensit et ojentanut 2nd sing. olit ojentanut et ollut ojentanut
3rd sing. ojensi ei ojentanut 3rd sing. oli ojentanut ei ollut ojentanut
1st plur. ojensimme emme ojentaneet 1st plur. olimme ojentaneet emme olleet ojentaneet
2nd plur. ojensitte ette ojentaneet 2nd plur. olitte ojentaneet ette olleet ojentaneet
3rd plur. ojensivat eivät ojentaneet 3rd plur. olivat ojentaneet eivät olleet ojentaneet
passive ojennettiin ei ojennettu passive oli ojennettu ei ollut ojennettu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. ojentaisin en ojentaisi 1st sing. olisin ojentanut en olisi ojentanut
2nd sing. ojentaisit et ojentaisi 2nd sing. olisit ojentanut et olisi ojentanut
3rd sing. ojentaisi ei ojentaisi 3rd sing. olisi ojentanut ei olisi ojentanut
1st plur. ojentaisimme emme ojentaisi 1st plur. olisimme ojentaneet emme olisi ojentaneet
2nd plur. ojentaisitte ette ojentaisi 2nd plur. olisitte ojentaneet ette olisi ojentaneet
3rd plur. ojentaisivat eivät ojentaisi 3rd plur. olisivat ojentaneet eivät olisi ojentaneet
passive ojennettaisiin ei ojennettaisi passive olisi ojennettu ei olisi ojennettu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. ojenna älä ojenna 2nd sing.
3rd sing. ojentakoon älköön ojentako 3rd sing. olkoon ojentanut älköön olko ojentanut
1st plur. ojentakaamme älkäämme ojentako 1st plur.
2nd plur. ojentakaa älkää ojentako 2nd plur.
3rd plur. ojentakoot älkööt ojentako 3rd plur. olkoot ojentaneet älkööt olko ojentaneet
passive ojennettakoon älköön ojennettako passive olkoon ojennettu älköön olko ojennettu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. ojentanen en ojentane 1st sing. lienen ojentanut en liene ojentanut
2nd sing. ojentanet et ojentane 2nd sing. lienet ojentanut et liene ojentanut
3rd sing. ojentanee ei ojentane 3rd sing. lienee ojentanut ei liene ojentanut
1st plur. ojentanemme emme ojentane 1st plur. lienemme ojentaneet emme liene ojentaneet
2nd plur. ojentanette ette ojentane 2nd plur. lienette ojentaneet ette liene ojentaneet
3rd plur. ojentanevat eivät ojentane 3rd plur. lienevät ojentaneet eivät liene ojentaneet
passive ojennettaneen ei ojennettane passive lienee ojennettu ei liene ojennettu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st ojentaa present ojentava ojennettava
long 1st1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st ojentaakseni ojentaaksemme
2nd ojentaaksesi ojentaaksenne
3rd ojentaakseen
past ojentanut ojennettu
2nd inessive2 ojentaessa ojennettaessa agent3 ojentama
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st ojentaessani ojentaessamme
2nd ojentaessasi ojentaessanne
3rd ojentaessaan
negative ojentamaton
instructive ojentaen 1) Used only with a possessive suffix.

2) Usually with a possessive suffix (active only).
3) Usually with a possessive suffix. Not used with intransitive verbs. Distinct from nouns with the -ma suffix and third infinitive forms.
4) Some uses of the verbal noun are called the 'fourth infinitive' by certain sources (more details).
* The third-person singular indicative form ojentaa does not exhibit final gemination,
unlike the first infinitive (the lemma form), even though they are spelled identically.

3rd inessive ojentamassa
elative ojentamasta
illative ojentamaan
adessive ojentamalla
abessive ojentamatta
instructive ojentaman ojennettaman
4th4 verbal noun ojentaminen
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st ojentamaisillani ojentamaisillamme
2nd ojentamaisillasi ojentamaisillanne
3rd ojentamaisillaan
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


  • IPA(key): /ˈojentɑː/, [ˈo̞je̞n̪t̪ɑ̝ː]
  • Rhymes: -ojentɑː
  • Syllabification(key): o‧jen‧taa



  1. third-person singular present indicative of ojentaa


  1. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN