palatine

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See also: Palatine

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French palatin (palatine), from Old French, from Medieval Latin palatinus (imperial, imperial official), from Latin palatium (palace). Doublet of paladin.

Part of the Imperial Palace complex on the Palatine Hill overlooking the Circus Maximus.

Adjective[edit]

palatine (not comparable)

  1. (chiefly as postmodifier) Designating a territory in England (and, later, other countries) whose lord had specific royal privileges, or designating a modern administrative area corresponding to such a territory. [from 15th c.]
  2. (now historical, chiefly as postmodifier) Designating a ruler or feudal lord with direct powers held from the sovereign. [from 15th c.]
  3. Pertaining to the Elector Palatine or the German Palatinate or its people. [from 16th c.]
    • 2016, Peter H. Wilson, The Holy Roman Empire, Penguin 2017, p. 122:
      Internally, the Palatine government remained dominated by Calvinists who bullied the largely Lutheran population, persecuted Jews and refused dialogue with Catholics.
  4. Pertaining to a palace, particularly for the Eastern and Western Roman emperors; palatial. [from 16th c.]

Noun[edit]

palatine (plural palatines)

  1. A feudal lord (a count palatine or Pfalzgraf) or a bishop possessing palatine powers. [from 16th c.]
  2. A palace official, especially in an imperial palace; the chief minister. [from 16th c.]
  3. (now historical) A county palatine, a palatinate. [from 16th c.]
  4. (rare, obsolete) A resident of a palatinate. [17th c.]
  5. (in the plural, historical) The Roman soldiers of the imperial palace; praetorians. [from 17th c.]
  6. (now historical) A type of shoulder cape for women. [from 17th c.]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French palatin (relating to the palate), from Latin palatum (palate).

Adjective[edit]

palatine (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy) Of or relating to the palate or to a palatine bone

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

palatine (plural palatines)

  1. (anatomy) One of a pair of bones behind the palate

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ‘Princess Palatine’ Anne Gonzaga, who popularised the garment.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

palatine f (plural palatines)

  1. (historical) tippet, shoulder cape

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

palatine f pl

  1. feminine plural of palatino

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

palātīne

  1. vocative masculine singular of palātīnus