pallium

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English[edit]

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a liturgical pallium

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin pallium (a cloak). Doublet of pall.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pallium (plural pallia or palliums)

  1. (historical) A large cloak worn by Greek philosophers and teachers. [from 10th c.]
  2. (Christianity) A woolen liturgical vestment resembling a collar and worn over the chasuble in the Western Christian liturgical tradition, conferred on archbishops by the Pope, equivalent to the Eastern Christian omophorion. [from 11th c.]
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin 2010, p. 339:
      Gregory sent Augustine a special liturgical stole, the pallium, a piece of official ecclesiastical dress borrowed from the garments worn by imperial officials.
    • 2016, Peter H. Wilson, The Holy Roman Empire, Penguin 2017, p. 23:
      Wynfrith, an Anglo-Saxon monk later known as St Boniface, who was the first archbishop of Mainz and a key figure in the Empire's church history, was given cloth that had lain across St Peter's tomb as his pallium in 752.
  3. (malacology) The mantle of a mollusc. [from 19th c.]
  4. (anatomy) The cerebral cortex. [from 19th c.]
  5. (obsolete, meteorology) A sheet of cloud covering the whole sky, especially nimbostratus. [19th c.]

Derived terms[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to palla (cloak, robe), but further etymology is unknown.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pallium n (genitive palliī or pallī); second declension

  1. cloak
  2. coverlet

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pallium pallia
Genitive palliī
pallī1
palliōrum
Dative palliō palliīs
Accusative pallium pallia
Ablative palliō palliīs
Vocative pallium pallia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: pajë
  • English: pallium
  • Italian: pallio, palio
  • Old Irish: caille
  • Portuguese: pálio
  • Spanish: palio

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill