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From Middle English poll ‎(pate, scalp) + -ard. The coin sense derives from the original penny's uncrowned obverse bust, as opposed to the laurel-wreathed form appearing on the rosary. The verb derives from the noun.



pollard ‎(plural pollards)

A pollard willow.
  1. (often attributive) A pruned tree; the wood of such trees.
  2. A buck deer that has shed his antlers
  3. Hornless varieties of domestic animals, as cattle or goats.
  4. (obsolete, rare) The chub (L. cephalus), a kind of fish.
  5. (now Australia) A fine grade of bran including some flour.
  6. (numismatics, historical) 13th-century European coins minted as debased counterfeits of the sterling silver penny of Edward I, at first legally accepted as a halfpenny and then outlawed.

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pollard ‎(third-person singular simple present pollards, present participle pollarding, simple past and past participle pollarded)

  1. (horticulture) To prune a tree heavily, cutting branches back to the trunk, so that it produces dense new growth.