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The first three notes in this chant are represented by puncta.


From Latin pūnctum. Doublet of point and punto.


punctum (plural puncta)

  1. (anatomy) A sharp tip of any part of the anatomy; a point or other small area.
    • 1861, The Annals and Magazine of Natural History: Zoology, Botany, and Geology
      Thus, from what has been stated, we see that neither the white puncta nor the minute white branchwork of lines were ever tubular.
  2. (music) A neume representing a single tone.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



Neuter form of pūnctus, the perfect passive participle of pungō (to prick, puncture).



pūnctum n (genitive pūnctī); second declension

  1. (also grammar, mathematics) point
  2. puncture
  3. moment
  4. small portion
  5. an affirmative vote, suffrage, ballot
  6. (poetry) applause, approbation


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pūnctum pūncta
Genitive pūnctī pūnctōrum
Dative pūnctō pūnctīs
Accusative pūnctum pūncta
Ablative pūnctō pūnctīs
Vocative pūnctum pūncta



  • Asturian: puntu
  • Catalan: punt
  • Danish: punkt
  • Danish: punktum
  • Dutch: punt
  • English: punctum
  • Friulian: pont
  • Galician: punto
  • German: Punkt, Punktum
  • Irish: ponc


  • punctum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • punctum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • punctum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • punctum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette