sinken

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German sinkan, from Proto-Germanic *sinkwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sengʷ- (to fall, sink). Compare Low German sinken, Dutch zinken, English sink, Danish synke, Swedish sjunka.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈzɪŋkən/, [ˈzɪŋkŋ̍]

Verb[edit]

sinken (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present sinkt, past tense sank, past participle gesunken, past subjunctive sänke, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive) to sink; to submerge; to set; to fall from the sky
    Die Sonne ist gesunken.
    The sun has set.
  2. (intransitive, figuratively, of prices, temperature, quantities, rates, etc.) to fall; to drop; to decline

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *sinkan, from Proto-Germanic *sinkwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sengʷ- (to fall, sink).

Verb[edit]

sinken

  1. (intransitive) to sink (in water)
  2. (intransitive) to drop, to go down
  3. (intransitive) to collapse

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive sinken
3rd sg. past sanc
3rd pl. past sonken
Past participle gesonken
Infinitive sinken
In genitive sinkens
In dative sinkene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular sinke sanc
2nd singular sincs, sinkes soncs, sonkes
3rd singular sinct, sinket sanc
1st plural sinken sonken
2nd plural sinct, sinket sonct, sonket
3rd plural sinken sonken
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular sinke sonke
2nd singular sincs, sinkes sonkes
3rd singular sinke sonke
1st plural sinken sonken
2nd plural sinct, sinket sonket
3rd plural sinken sonken
Imperative Present
Singular sinc, sinke
Plural sinct, sinket
Present Past
Participle sinkende gesonken

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sinken”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • sinken (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sinken m, n

  1. definite masculine singular of sink

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sinken m, n

  1. definite masculine singular of sink