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See also: Tod and TOD



Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English tod, of unknown origin. Possibly influenced by Etymology 2, due to its bushy tail.[1] Cognate with Scots tod.


tod (plural tods)

  1. (now Britain dialect) A fox.
    • (Can we date this quote by Ben Jonson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      the wolf, the tod, the brock
    • 1977, Richard Adams, The Plague Dogs
      Who am Ah? Ah'm tod, whey Ah'm tod, ye knaw. Canniest riever on moss and moor!
    1. A male fox; a dog; a reynard.
  2. Someone like a fox; a crafty person.
Related terms[edit]
  1. ^ Skeat

Etymology 2[edit]

Apparently cognate with Saterland Frisian todde (bundle), Swedish todd (mass (of wool), dialectal).


tod (plural tods)

  1. A bush, especially of ivy.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
    • (Can we date this quote by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The ivy tod is heavy with snow.
  2. An old English measure of weight, usually of wool, containing two stone or 28 pounds (13 kg).
    • 1843, The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Volume 27, p. 202:
      Seven pounds make a clove, 2 cloves a stone, 2 stone a tod, 6 1/2 tods a wey, 2 weys a sack, 12 sacks a last. [...] It is to be observed here that a sack is 13 tods, and a tod 28 pounds, so that the sack is 364 pounds.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 209:
      Generally, however, the stone or petra, almost always of 14 lbs., is used, the tod of 28 lbs., and the sack of thirteen stone.


tod (third-person singular simple present tods, present participle todding, simple past and past participle todded)

  1. (obsolete) To weigh; to yield in tods.


Old High German[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *dauþuz, akin to Old Saxon dōth, Old Dutch dōth, dōt, Old English dēaþ, Old Norse dauði, Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌸𐌿𐍃 (dauþus).


tōd m

  1. death, cessation of life

Related terms[edit]


  • Middle High German: tōd
    • Alemannic German:
      Swabian: Daod, Dod
    • Central Franconian:
      Hunsrik: Dod
    • German: Tod
    • Luxembourgish: Doud
    • Yiddish: טויט(toyt)





  1. (clarification of this definition is needed) thus