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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (person) + phonetic  – a statue of a person, an idol.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人田中月 (OWLB), four-corner 26227, composition)

  1. accidentally, coincidentally
  2. idol

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 112, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 899
  • Dae Jaweon: page 238, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 190, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5076

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping ngau5, Yale ngau5)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. occasional

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. rarity

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin ǒu (ou3), zán (zan2), Wade-Giles ou3, tsan2)

Adverb[edit]

(traditional and simplified)

  1. accidentally, coincidentally

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified)

  1. an idol (either a statue that is prayed to or a human celebrity with many ardent fans)

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*ngǒu)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngẫu, ngẩu, ngậu)