閣下

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かく > かっ
Grade: 6

Grade: 1
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

閣下 (hiragana かっか, romaji kakka)

  1. (your, his, her) Excellency

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 阁下
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin géxià
Zhuyin ㄍㄜˊ ㄒㄧㄚˋ
IPA (key) /kɤ³⁵ ɕi̯a̠⁵¹/

Noun[edit]

閣下 (traditional, Pinyin géxià, simplified 阁下)

  1. (literary) Your Excellency; His or Her Excellency; Your Honour
  2. (archaic) at the foot of a tower or pavilion

Usage notes[edit]

Originally a term of respect toward members of the nobility; became a more generic term of respect later on.