Appendix:Mandarin exonyms for Japanese placenames

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This glossary shows how Japanese names' are written and pronounced in Standard Mandarin. English exonyms in most cases match Japanese endonyms without macrons, which are placed on top of Japanese vowels to show long vowels. An important exception is the country name itself. Chinese transcription is written in Hanyu Pinyin. Japanese spelling may not match neither simplified, nor traditional Chinese script.

If the Japanese and Chinese writing fully match, the Japanese Kanji is followed by Chinese pronunciation, then Japanese, otherwise the Japanese is given first with the word (Japanese) in brackets.

Traditional Chinese (if different) is given in square brackets (only the part, which is different.)

Prefectures are followed by their capitals.

Country name and its capital[edit]

日本 (Rìběn) - Nihon or Nippon (English: Japan)
東京 (Japanese) 东京, 東京 (Dōngjīng) Tōkyō

北海道 (Běihǎidào) Hokkaidō[edit]

北海道 (Běihǎidào) Hokkaidō 札幌 (Zháhuǎng) Sapporo

東北地方 Tōhoku chihō 东北地方 (東北地方) Dōngběi dìfāng[edit]

秋田 (Qiūtián) Akita (the capital has the same name)
青森 (Qīngsēn) Aomori (the capital has the same name)
福島 (Japanese) 福岛, 福島 (Fúdǎo) Fukushima (the capital has the same name)
岩手 (Yánshǒu) Iwate 盛岡 (Japanese) 盛冈, 盛岡 (Chénggāng) Morioka
宮城 (Japanese) 宫城, 宮城 (Gōngchéng) Miyagi 仙台 (Xiāntái) Sendai
山形 (Shānxíng) Yamagata (the capital has the same name)

関東地方 (Japanese) Kantō chihō 关东地方, 關東地方 Guāndōng dìfāng:[edit]


東京 (Japanese) 东京, 東京 (Dōngjīng) Tōkyō (the capital has the same name)
千葉 (Japanese) 千叶, 千葉 (Qiānyè) Chiba (the capital has the same name)
群馬 (Japanese) 群马, 群馬 (Qúnmǎ) Gunma 前橋 (Japanese) 前桥, 前橋 (Qiánqiáo) Maebashi
茨城 (Cíchéng) Ibaraki 水戸 (Japanese) 水户, 水戶 (Shuǐhù) Mito
神奈川 (Shénnàichuān) Kanagawa 横浜 (Japanese) 横滨, 橫濱 Héngbīn Yokohama
埼玉 (Qíyù) Saitama (the capital has the same name), written in hiragana - さいたま
栃木 (Japanese) 枥木, 櫪木 (Lìmù) Tochigi 宇都宫 (Yǔdōugōng) Utsunomiya

中部地方 (Japanese) Chūbu chihō 中部地方 Zhōngbù dìfāng:[edit]


愛知 (Japanese) 爱知, 愛知 (Àizhī) Aichi 名古屋 (Mínggǔwū) Nagoya
福井 (Fújǐng) Fukui (the capital has the same name)
岐阜 (Qífù) Gifu (the capital has the same name)
石川 (Shíchuān) Ishikawa 金沢 (Japanese) 金泽, 金澤 Jīnzé Kanazawa
長野 (Japanese) 长野, 長野 (Chángyě) Nagano (the capital has the same name)
新潟 (Xīnxì) Niigata (the capital has the same name)
静岡 (Japanese) 静冈, 靜岡 Jìnggāng Shizuoka (the capital has the same name)
富山 (Fùshān) Toyama (the capital has the same name)
山梨 (Shānlí) Yamanashi 甲府 Jiǎfǔ Kōfu

関西地方 (Japanese) Kansai (Kinki) chihō 关西(近畿)地方 (Guānxī (Jìnjī) dìfāng):[edit]

also called: 近畿地方 Kinki chihō 近畿地方 (Jìnjī dìfāng)

兵庫 (Japanese) 兵库, 兵庫 (Bīngkù) Hyōgo 神戸 (Japanese) 神户, 神戶 (Shénhù) Kōbe
三重 (Sānchóng) Mie (Jīn) Tsu
奈良 (Nàiliáng) Nara (the capital has the same name)
滋賀 (Japanese) 滋贺, 滋賀 (Zīhè) Shiga 大津 (Dàjīn) Ōtsu
和歌山 (Hégēshān) Wakayama (the capital has the same name)
京都 Jīngdū Kyōto (the capital has the same name)
大阪 (Japanese) 大坂, 大阪 Dàbǎn Ōsaka (the capital has the same name)

中国地方 Chūgoku chihō 中国地方, 中國地方 Zhōngguó dìfāng:[edit]

also called: 山陰山陽地方 San'in San'yō chihō 山阴山阳地方, 山陰山陽地方 Shānyīn Shānyáng dìfāng San'in San'yō chihō

広島 (Japanese) 广岛, 廣島 (Guǎngdǎo) Hiroshima (the capital has the same name)
岡山 (Japanese) 冈山, 岡山 (Gāngshān) Okayama (the capital has the same name)
島根 (Japanese) 岛根, 島根 (Dǎogēn) Shimane 松江 (Sōngjiāng) Matsue
鳥取 (Japanese) 鸟取, 鳥取 (Niǎoqǔ) Tottori (the capital has the same name)
山口 Shānkǒu Yamaguchi (the capital has the same name)

四国地方 Shikoku chihō 四国地方, 四國地方 Sìguó dìfāng:[edit]

愛媛 (Japanese) 爱媛, 愛媛 (Àiyuàn) Ehime 松山 (Sōngshān) Matsuyama
香川 (Xiāngchuān) Kagawa 高松 (Gāosōng) Takamatsu
高知 (Gāozhī) Kōchi (the capital has the same name)
徳島 (Japanese) 德岛, 德島 (Dédǎo) Tokushima (the capital has the same name)

九州地方 Kyūshū chihō 九州地方 (Jiǔzhōu dìfāng):[edit]


福岡 (Japanese) 福冈, 福岡 (Fúgāng) Fukuoka (the capital has the same name)
鹿児島 (Japanese) 鹿儿岛, 鹿兒島 (Lù'érdǎo) Kagoshima (the capital has the same name)
熊本 (Xióngběn) Kumamoto (the capital has the same name)
宮崎 (Japanese) 宫崎, 宮崎 (Gōngqí) Miyazaki (the capital has the same name)
長崎 (Japanese) 长崎, 長崎 (Chángqí) Nagasaki (the capital has the same name)
大分 (Dàfēn) Ōita (the capital has the same name)
佐賀 (Japanese) 佐贺, 佐賀 (Zuǒhè) Saga (the capital has the same name)

沖縄 (Japanese) 冲绳, 沖繩 (Chōngshéng) Okinawa 那覇 (Japanese) 那霸 (Nàbà) Naha
琉球諸島 Ryūkyū shotō 琉球群岛, 琉球群島 (Liúqiú qúndǎo), 琉球諸島, 琉球诸岛 (Liúqiú zhūdǎo)
also called: 南西諸島 Nansei shotō 南西群岛, 南西群島 (Nánxī qúndǎo)

Major islands:[edit]

本州 (Běnzhōu) Honshū
九州 (Jiǔzhōu) Kyūshū
北海道 (Běihǎidào) Hokkaidō
四国 (Japanese) 四国, 四國 (Sìguó) Shikoku

The famous mountain[edit]

富士山 (Fùshì-shān) Fujisan - in English: Fujiyama (misnomer) or Mount Fuji

Terminology[edit]

Japanese: (Ken) prefecture (of Japan), ken; county (of China)
Chinese: (Japanese version of , ) (xiàn) county, district, subdivision, Ken)
Chinese: , (xiàn) ken (type of province in Japan)
(fu) (Chinese: fǔ) fu (type of province in Japan)
(to) (Chinese: dū) to (type of province in Japan- only of 東京 Tōkyō)
(dō) (Chinese: dào) (type of province in Japan - only of 北海道 Hokkaidō)
地方 (chihō (Japanese), dìfāng (Chinese) is normally 地区 (dìqū) So, 中国地方 (Chūgoku chihō) is normally written as 中国地区 (Zhōngguó dìqū)
諸島 (shotō) (archipelago) - 群岛, 群島 (qúndǎo)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]