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Mandarin 药材[edit]

((zh~forms||藥材}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=yàocái|pint=yao4cai2|tra=藥材|sim=药材|rs=艸06}}

  1. Medicinal materials or materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This includes herbs, minerals and other materials that are not plant-based. Most medicinal materials are dried herbs. Some medicinal materials have been "prepared" in a number of ways, including being fried in honey, salt, alcohol or vinegar. Other common methods of "preparation" include calcination, carbonization, and fermentation.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 药材 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:药材
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • K.M. Wu, J.G. Farrelly, R. Upton, J. Chen, "Complexities of the herbal nomenclature system in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM): Lessons learned from the misuse of Aristolochia-related species and the importance of the pharmaceutical name during botanical drug product development", Phytomedicine, Volume 14, Issue 4, 10 April 2007, Pages 273-279.
  • S. Paoletta, G.B. Steventon, D. Wildeboer, T.M. Ehrman, P.J. Hylands, D.J. Barlow, "Screening of herbal constituents for aromatase inhibitory activity", Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, Volume 16, Issue 18, 15 September 2008, Pages 8466-8470.
  • http://www.e2121.com/index_gb.html
  • http://plants.usda.gov/


Mandarin 补益药[edit]

((zh~forms||補益藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=bǔyìyào|pint=bu3yi4yao4|tra=補益藥|sim=补益药|rs=衣02}}

  1. Tonics. Materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that are used to "tonify and benefit" the body.


Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

补气药 (herbs used to improve qi)

补阴药 (herbs used to improve yin)

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补血药 (herbs used to improve blood)

  • 当归, root of the plant Angelica sinensis
  • 龙眼肉, flesh of the Longan fruit
  • 何首乌, root of the Polygonum multiflorum
  • 阿胶, glue from donkey hide
  • 白芍, root of the Paeonia
  • 熟地黄, prepared root of the Rehmannia plant

补阳药 (herbs used to improve yang)

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See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 补益药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:补益药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • David Sadava, David W. Still, Ryan R. Mudry, Susan E. Kane, "Effect of ganoderma on drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant small-cell lung carcinoma cells", Cancer Letters, Volume 277, Issue 2, 18 May 2009, Pages 182-189.
  • T. B. Ng, F. Liu, H. X. Wang:"The antioxidant effects of aqueous and organic extracts of Panax quinquefolium, Panax notoginseng, codonopsis pilosula, Pseudostellaria heterophylla and glehnia littoralis", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 93(2):285-288, August 2004.
  • Eun-Joo S., Young Ho K., A-Young K., Seung-Yeoul N., Ji Hoon J., Jong-Seok C., Sun Cheol K., Tran Phi Hoang Y., Hyoung-Jong Y., Won-Ki K., Kwang-Ho K., Hyoung-Chun K.: "Ginsenosides attenuate kainic acid-induced synaptosomal oxidative stress via stimulation of adenosine A2A receptors in rat hippocampus", Behavioural Brain Research, 197(1):239-245
  • Wei Shi, Yutang Wang, Juan Li, Hanqi Zhang, Lan Ding: "Investigation of ginsenosides in different parts and ages of Panax ginseng", Food Chemistry, 102(3):664-668, 2007.
  • http://plants.usda.gov/java/nameSearch

Mandarin 解表药[edit]

((zh~forms| |解表藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=jiěbiǎoyào|pint= jie3biao1yao4|tra=解表藥|sim= 解表药|rs=角06}}

  1. Superfices-syndrome relieving materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This term refticum]]

| style="width:1%; " | | style="background-color:#F8F8FF; vertical-align:top; width:48%; text-align:left; " |

发散风热 (herbs used to disperse wind-heat)

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See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Ying-Ju L., Yu Chi H., Chia-Hung L., Yu-An H., Jim J.C. S., Chih-Ho L., Bing-Hung C., Pei-Dawn Lee C., Lei W., Fuu-Jen T.: "Puerariae radix isoflavones and their metabolites inhibit growth and induce apoptosis in breast cancer cells", Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 378(4):683-688, 23 January 2009.
  • Min Zhuang, Hong Jiang, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Xiaoguang Li, Peng Xiao, Takashi Tanaka, Hong Ling, Baofeng Yang, Hiroki Saitoh, Lianfeng Zhang, Chuan Qin, Kazuo Sugamura, Toshio Hattori, "Procyanidins and butanol extract of Cinnamomi Cortex inhibit SARS-CoV infection", Antiviral Research, Volume 82, Issue 1, April 2009, Pages 73-81.
  • José J. L., Isaac J., Gines M. S., Juan A. "Cinnamtannin B-1 as an antioxidant and platelet aggregation inhibitor", Life Sciences, 82(19-20):977-982, 7 May 2008.


Mandarin 清热药[edit]

((zh~forms||清熱藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=qīngrèyào|pint= qing1re4yao4|tra=清熱藥|sim=清热药|rs=水08}}


  1. Heat-clearing materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This term refers to herbs and other medicinal substances that are used to relieve "heat" symptoms, such as sore throat and mouth ulcer.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

清熱瀉火 (herbs used to clear heat and purge fire)

清热凉血 (herbs used to clear heat and cool blood)

清热燥湿 (herbs to clear heat and eliminate dampness)

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清熱解毒 (herbs used to clear heat and toxics)

清虛熱 (herbs to clear deficiency heat)

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See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 清热药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:清热药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Li-Weber M., "New therapeutic aspects of flavones: The anticancer properties of Scutellaria and its main active constituents Wogonin, Baicalein and Baicalin", Cancer Treatment Reviews, 11 November 2008.
  • Hye-Young K., Hyun-Soo S., Hyun P., Youn-Chul K., Yong Gab Y., Sun P., Ho-Joon S., Kyongmin K., "In vitro inhibition of coronavirus replications by the traditionally used medicinal herbal extracts, Cimicifuga rhizoma, Meliae cortex, Coptidis rhizoma, and Phellodendron cortex", Journal of Clinical Virology, 41(2):122-128, February 2008.

Mandarin 泻下药[edit]

((zh~forms||瀉下藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=xièxiàyào|pint= xie4xia4yao4|tra=瀉下藥|sim=泻下药|rs=水05}}

  1. Cathartical materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This term refers to herbs and other medicinal substances that are used as purgatives or laxatives.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

攻下药 (purgatives for cartharsis)

润下药 (purgatives for laxation)

峻下药 (purgatives for drastic hydragogue)

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See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 泻下药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:泻下药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Bo-Young Park, Byung-Sun Min, Kyung-Seop Ahn, Ok-Kyong Kwon, Hyouk Joung, Ki-Hwan Bae, Hyeong-Kyu Lee, Sei-Ryang Oh, "Daphnane diterpene esters isolated from flower buds of Daphne genkwa induce apoptosis in human myelocytic HL-60 cells and suppress tumor growth in Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC)-inoculated mouse model", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 111, Issue 3, 22 May 2007, Pages 496-503.
  • Iris H. Hall, Yei-Fei Liou, C. Brent Oswald, Kuo-Hsiung Lee, "The effects of genkwadaphnin and Gnidilatidin on the growth of P-388, L-1210 leukemia and KB carcinoma cells in Vitro", European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology, Volume 22, Issue 1, January 1986, Pages 45-52
  • Noureddine Mazoir, Ahmed Benharref, María Bailén, Matías Reina, Azucena González-Coloma, "Bioactive triterpene derivatives from latex of two euphorbia species",Phytochemistry, Volume 69, Issue 6, April 2008, Pages 1328-1338.
  • M. Gallant, F. Odei-Addo, C.L. Frost, R.-A. Levendal, "Biological effects of THC and a lipophilic cannabis extract on normal and insulin resistant 3T3-L1 adipocytes", Phytomedicine. April 2009.

Mandarin 温里药[edit]

((zh~forms||溫裏藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin= wēnlǐ yào|pint= wen1li3yao4|tra=溫裏藥|sim=温里药|rs=水09}}

  1. Interior-warming materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This term refers to herbs and other medicinal substances that are used to warm the interior organs (such as the lungs and stomach) of the body.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

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See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • 1994, Ming Ou; Li Yanwen, The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage, Hai Feng Publishing Co., ISBN 9622381995:
  • Myung-Haing Cho, Soon-Mi Shim, So-Ra. Lee, Woongcheon Mar, Gun-Hee Kim, "Effect of Evodiae fructus extracts on gene expressions related with alcohol metabolism and antioxidation in ethanol-loaded mice", Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 43, Issue 9, September 2005, Pages 1365-1371.

Mandarin 利湿药[edit]

((zh~forms|湿|利濕藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin= lìshīyào|pint= li4shi1yao4|tra=利濕藥|sim=利湿药|rs=刀05}}

  1. Dampness-eliminating materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. It refers to herbs and other medicinal substances that are used to eliminate "dampness" in the body. Symptoms of "dampness" include water-retention in the limbs.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

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See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 利湿药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:利湿药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • W.-F. Fong, C. Wang, G.-Y. Zhu, C.-H. Leung, M.-S. Yang, H.-Y. Cheung, "Reversal of multidrug resistance in cancer cells by Rhizoma alismatis extract", Phytomedicine, Volume 14, Issues 2-3, 19 February 2007, Pages 160-165.
  • Yao-Ting Huang, Dong-Ming Huang, Shih-Chieh Chueh, Che-Ming Teng, Jih-Hwa Guh, "Alisol B acetate, a triterpene from alismatis rhizoma, induces Bax nuclear translocation and apoptosis in human hormone-resistant prostate cancer PC-3 cells", Cancer Letters, Volume 231, Issue 2, 18 January 2006, Pages 270-278.


Mandarin 芳香化湿药[edit]

((zh~forms|湿|芳香}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=fāngxiānghuàshīyào|pint= fang1xiang1hua4shi1|tra=芳香化濕藥|sim=芳香化湿药|rs=艸04}}

  1. Aromatic "dampness-dispersing" materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This term refers to herbs and other medicinal substances that are used to disperse "dampness" in the body.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 芳香化湿药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:芳香化湿药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Li-Tao Yi, Qun Xu, Yu-Cheng Li, Lei Yang, Ling-Dong Kong, "Antidepressant-like synergism of extracts from magnolia bark and ginger rhizome alone and in combination in mice", Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. March 2009.
  • Jae Yeon Kim, Hyo Jin Lim, Da Yeon Lee, Ji Sun Kim, Do Hee Kim, Hwa Jin Lee, Hee Doo Kim, Raok Jeon, Jae-Ha Ryu, "In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of lignans isolated from magnolia fargesii", Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, Volume 19, Issue 3, 1 February 2009, Pages 937-940.

Mandarin 行气药[edit]

((zh~forms| |行氣藥 }}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=xíngqì yào|pint= xing2qi4yao4|tra=行氣藥 |sim=行气药|rs=行00 }}

  1. Qi-activating materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This term refers to herbs and other medicinal substances that are used to activate or regulate the "qi" or energy in the body.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

理气药 (Qi regulators)

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See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 行气药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:行气药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Yoshifumi Irie, Wing Ming Keung, "Rhizoma acori graminei and its active principles protect PC-12 cells from the toxic effect of amyloid-β peptide", Brain Research, Volume 963, Issues 1-2, 14 February 2003, Pages 282-289.