apartheid

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English[edit]

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"For use by white persons": a sign in English and Afrikaans from the apartheid period.

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally “separateness”, “apartness”, from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Received Pronunciation, strictly) IPA(key): /əˈpɑːtheɪt/, /əˈpɑːthaɪt/
  • (US, strictly) enPR: ə-pärtʹhīt, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹthaɪt/
  • (file)
  • (US, alternatively) enPR: ə-pärtʹhāt, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹtheɪt/
  • (file)
  • Note: the h is very often not pronounced because of the difficulty of following /t/ with /h/, but the sequence is not pronounced as the digraph th (/ð/, /θ/).
  • (US, laxly) enPR: ə-pärʹtīd, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹ.taɪd/

Noun[edit]

apartheid (countable and uncountable, plural apartheids)

  1. (historical) The discriminatory policy of racial separation used by South Africa from 1948 to 1990.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, pages 127-8:
      The premise of apartheid was that whites were superior to Africans, Coloureds and Indians, and the function of it was to entrench white supremacy forever.
  2. (by extension) Any similar policy of racial separation/segregation and discrimination.
    • 1963, Justice William O. Douglas, concurring, Lombard v. Louisiana (373 U.S. 267):
      When the doors of a business are open to the public, they must be open to all regardless of race if apartheid is not to become engrained in our public [] .
  3. (by extension) A policy or situation of segregation based on some specified attribute.
    • 2008, Peter Hewitt, Kenya Cowboy: A Police Officer's Account of the Mau Mau Emergency (ISBN 1920143238), page 64:
      Fifteen minutes drive to the Brown Trout was guaranteed to satisfy my appetite because there, as with other clubs and hotel bars, a form of sex apartheid was practised. The males assembled in the region of the bar and the opposite gender either sat discreetly detached or strayed outside to gossip gaily among themselves.
    • 2009, Moorthy Muthuswamy, Defeating Political Islam: The New Cold War (ISBN 1615921389), page 120:
      In these annual reports, the religious apartheid practices in India are not mentioned at all.
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see the citations page.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch apartheid.

Noun[edit]

apartheid (uncountable)

  1. apartheid

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From apart (separate, apart) +‎ -heid (-hood).

Noun[edit]

apartheid f (plural apartheden, diminutive apartheidje n)

  1. the state of being separate; separateness
  2. a characteristic that sets something or someone apart
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid.

Noun[edit]

apartheid f (uncountable)

  1. the policy of racial separation used in South Africa from 1948 to 1990; apartheid
  2. (by extension) any similar policy of racial separation

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Noun[edit]

apartheid

  1. apartheid

Declension[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fr

French Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /a.paʁ.tɛjd/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧par‧theid

Noun[edit]

apartheid m (plural apartheid)

  1. (history) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

Synonyms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Noun[edit]

apartheid m (invariable)

  1. (history) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

apartheid m (plural apartheids)

  1. (historical) apartheid (policy of racial separation in South Africa)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Afrikaans apartheid (1929 in a South African socio-political context), literally "separateness", "apartness", from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

Noun[edit]

apartheid m (uncountable)

  1. (history) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)