gauge

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English gage, gaugen, from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French gauger (compare Modern French jauger from Old French jaugier), from gauge (gauging rod), from Frankish *galga (measuring rod, pole), from Proto-Germanic *galgô (pole, stake, cross), from Proto-Indo-European *g'hAlgh-, *g'hAlg- (perch, long switch). Cognate with Old High German galgo, Old Frisian galga, Old English ġealga (cross-beam, gallows), Old Norse galgi (cross-beam, gallows), Old Norse gelgja (pole, perch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gauge (plural gauges)

  1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard
    • 2007. Zerzan, John. Silence. p. 2.
      The record of philosophy vis-à-vis silence is generally dismal, as good a gauge as any to its overall failure.
    • Burke
      the gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and contempt
  2. An act of measuring.
  3. Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the level, state, dimensions or forms of things; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
  4. A thickness of sheet metal or wire designated by any of several numbering schemes.
  5. (rail transport) The distance between the rails of a railway.
  6. (mathematics, analysis) A semi-norm; a function that assigns a non-negative size to all vectors in a vector space.
  7. (knitting) The number of stitches per inch, centimetre, or other unit of distance.
  8. (nautical) Relative positions of two or more vessels with reference to the wind.
    A vessel has the weather gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
  9. (nautical) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
  10. (plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to make it set more quickly.
  11. That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of such shingles, slates, or tiles.

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gauge (third-person singular simple present gauges, present participle gauging, simple past and past participle gauged)

  1. (transitive) To measure or determine with a gauge; to measure the capacity of.
  2. (transitive) To estimate.
  3. (transitive) To appraise the character or ability of; to judge of.
    • Shakespeare
      You shall not gauge me / By what we do to-night.
  4. (textile, transitive) To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread through it.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

gauge f (oblique plural gauges, nominative singular gauge, nominative plural gauges)

  1. Alternative form of jauge