tres

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See also: třes, trés, très, três, and treš

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *trõtja, etymologically identical with Slavic *tratjǫ, *tratiti 'to spend, to waste'[1].

Noun[edit]

tres (first-person singular past tense treta, participle tretur)

  1. I dissolve, digest, melt down, lose weight
  2. I throw away
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language, V.Orel, Koninklijke Brill ,Leiden 2000, p.464

Aragonese[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Asturian[edit]

Asturian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceru

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres (indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) three
Usage notes[edit]

When there is possibility of confusion with the preposition tres, the numeral tres is accented as trés

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin trāns (beyond, on the other side).

Preposition[edit]

tres

  1. behind, beyond
  2. after

Catalan[edit]

Catalan cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : tercer
    Multiplier : triple
Catalan Wikipedia article on tres

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Derived terms[edit]

  • tenir en cap a tres quarts de quinze = be absent-minded or crazy
  • en un tres i no res = very soon and quick
  • buscar tres peus al gat = search for all the inconveniences

Noun[edit]

tres m (plural tresos)

  1. three

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of tresindstyve, from "tre +‎ sinds +‎ tyve", lit. "three into twenty".

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) sixty

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

tres” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog


Galician[edit]

Galician cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceiro
Galician Wikipedia article on tres

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres (indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) three

Interlingua[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Latin[edit]

Latin cardinal numbers
 <  II III IV  > 
    Cardinal : trēs
    Ordinal : tertius
    Adverbial : ter
    Multiplier : triplex
    Distributive : ternī
Latin Wikipedia article on trēs

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Symbol: III

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognates include Sanskrit त्रि (trí), Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treis) and Old English þrēo (English three).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /treːs/
  • (file)
    Cerberus est canis trium capitum (Cerberus is a dog with three heads).

Numeral[edit]

trēs m pl, f pl (neuter tria); third declension

  1. (cardinal) three; 3
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.450–451
      tria Cerberus extulit ora et tres latratus semel edidit
      Cerberus put forth three mouths and issued three barks at once
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Samuelis II.14.27
      nati sunt autem Absalom filii tres et filia una nomine Thamar eleganti forma
      And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance

Usage notes[edit]

See Appendix:Latin cardinal numbers

Inflection[edit]

Third declension with two endings (3:2E). Note: the word “trēs”, by definition, has no singular.

Number Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative trēs trēs tria
genitive trium trium trium
dative tribus tribus tribus
accusative trēs trēs tria
ablative tribus tribus tribus

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


Malaccan Creole Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Middle French[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tres

  1. very

Descendants[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Related terms[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) trais
  • (Sursilvan, Surmiran) treis

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Number[edit]

tres

  1. (Sutsilvan, cardinal) three

Sardinian[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. three

Spanish[edit]

Spanish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : tercero
    Multiplier : triple

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Related terms[edit]