żyć

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: zyc

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *žìti (stem *živ-; compare Czech žít, Slovak žiť, Old Church Slavonic жити (žiti)), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *gīˀwetei, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷíh₃weti, apparently from the adjective *gʷih₃wós (alive), from *gʷeyh₃- (to live). Cognates include Lithuanian gyventi, Sanskrit जीवति (jīvati), Latin vīvō and Ancient Greek ζῶ ().

Verb[edit]

żyć impf

  1. (intransitive) to live (be alive)
    Ten gatunek nie żyje długo.This species doesn't live long.
  2. (intransitive) to live (to pass life in a specified manner)
    Całe życie żyła w nędzy.She lived her whole life in poverty.
    Synonym: bytować
  3. (intransitive) to live (to inhabit, to reside)
    Tutejsi bezdomni żyją w kanałach.The local homeless live in the sewers.
    Synonym: bytować
  4. (intransitive) to live (to endure in memory; to escape oblivion)
    Zmarły tragicznie przyjaciel żył w ich pamięci.Their tragically deceased friend lived in their memory.
  5. (intransitive) to coexist [+ z (instrumental) = with someone]
    Wszyscy tutaj żyją ze sobą w zgodzie.Everyone here lives in harmony with each other.
    Synonym: współżyć
  6. (intransitive) to live [+ o (locative) = on something] (to maintain or support one's existence; to provide for oneself; to feed; to subsist)
    Utraciwszy źródło utrzymania musiał żyć o chlebie i wodzie.Having lost his source of income, he had to live on bread and water.
  7. (intransitive) to devote oneself to [+instrumental = something]
    On żyje piłką nożną.Football is his life.
  8. (intransitive) to live (to make the most of life)
    Pragnę wreszcie zacząć żyć!I want to start living at last.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

verbs

Related terms[edit]

nouns
adjectives
verbs

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

żyć n

  1. genitive plural of życie

Further reading[edit]

  • żyć in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • żyć in Polish dictionaries at PWN