श्री

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit श्री (śrī).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

श्री (śrīm

  1. (honorific) sir, lord, mister
    श्री रामśrī rāmLord Rama
  2. light, lustre, radiance, splendour, glory, beauty, grace, loveliness

Sanskrit[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĉriHrás. Compare Avestan 𐬯𐬭𐬍𐬭𐬀(srīra). Related to Sanskrit श्रील (śrīlá)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

श्री (śrī́)

  1. diffusing light or radiance, splendid, radiant, beautifying, adorning

Noun[edit]

श्री (śrī́f

  1. light, lustre, radiance, splendour, glory, beauty, grace, loveliness
  2. prosperity, welfare, good fortune, success, auspiciousness, wealth, treasure, riches
  3. symbol or insignia of royalty

Declension[edit]

Feminine ī-stem declension of श्री (śrī́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रीः
śrī́ḥ
श्रियौ
śríyau
श्रियः
śríyaḥ
Vocative श्रीः
śrī́ḥ
श्रियौ
śríyau
श्रियः
śríyaḥ
Accusative श्रियम्
śríyam
श्रियौ
śríyau
श्रियः
śríyaḥ
Instrumental श्रिया
śriyā́
श्रीभ्याम्
śrībhyā́m
श्रीभिः
śrībhíḥ
Dative श्रिये / श्रियै¹
śriyé / śriyaí¹
श्रीभ्याम्
śrībhyā́m
श्रीभ्यः
śrībhyáḥ
Ablative श्रियः / श्रियाः¹
śriyáḥ / śriyā́ḥ¹
श्रीभ्याम्
śrībhyā́m
श्रीभ्यः
śrībhyáḥ
Genitive श्रियः / श्रियाः¹
śriyáḥ / śriyā́ḥ¹
श्रियोः
śriyóḥ
श्रियाम् / श्रीणाम्¹
śriyā́m / śrīṇā́m¹
Locative श्रियि / श्रियाम्¹
śriyí / śriyā́m¹
श्रियोः
śriyóḥ
श्रीषु
śrīṣú
Notes
  • ¹Later Sanskrit

Prefix[edit]

श्री (śrī)

  1. honorific prefix appended to certain names to mean "sacred" or "holy"
    e.g. श्रीदुर्गा (śrī-durgā), श्रीराम (śrī-rāma)
  2. used as a respectful title (like "Reverend") to the names of eminent persons as well as of celebrated works and sacred objects
    e.g. श्रीजयदेव (śrī-jayadeva)

Usage notes[edit]

This prefix may be repeated two, three, or even four times to express excessive veneration (e.g. श्रीश्रीदुर्गा (śrī-śrī-durgā) etc.). If is often placed at the beginning or back of letters, manuscripts, important documents etc., before the words चरण (caraṇa) and पाद (pāda, feet), and even the end of personal names.

Descendants[edit]