มาตรา

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Khmer mātrā, māttrā, mātatrā, mādatra, mtrā (dimension; measure; proportion; provision; etc); ultimately from Sanskrit मात्रा (mātrā, amount; degree). Cognate with Modern Khmer មាត្រា (miətriə).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicมาตรา
m ā t r ā
Phonemicมาด-ตฺรา
m ā ɗ – t ̥ r ā
RomanizationPaiboonmâat-dtraa
Royal Institutemat-tra
(standard) IPA(key)/maːt̚˥˩.traː˧/

Noun[edit]

มาตรา (mâat-dtraa)

  1. system of units of seize, time, volume, etc.
  2. (law) distinct portion or provision of a law: article, section, etc. Abbreviation: ม. (mɔɔ)
  3. (grammar) category assigned to a syllable based on its ending sound:
    1. the category กก (gòk) for a syllable ended by the sound [k], which is represented by the letter (gɔɔ), (kɔ̌ɔ), (kɔ̌ɔ), (kɔɔ), (kɔɔ), or (kɔɔ);
    2. the category กง (gong) for a syllable ended by the sound [ŋ], which is represented by the letter (ngɔɔ);
    3. the category กด (gòt) for a syllable ended by the sound [t], which is represented by the letter (jɔɔ), (chɔ̌ɔ), (chɔɔ), (sɔɔ), (chɔɔ), (dɔɔ), (dtɔɔ), (tɔ̌ɔ), (tɔɔ), (tɔɔ), (dɔɔ), (dtɔɔ), (tɔ̌ɔ), (tɔɔ), (tɔɔ), (sɔ̌ɔ), (sɔ̌ɔ), or (sɔ̌ɔ);
    4. the category กน (gon) for a syllable ended by the sound [n], which is represented by the letter (yɔɔ), (nɔɔ), (nɔɔ), (rɔɔ), (lɔɔ), or (lɔɔ);
    5. the category กบ (gòp) for a syllable ended by the sound [p], which is represented by the letter (bɔɔ), (bpɔɔ), (pɔɔ), (fɔɔ), or (pɔɔ);
    6. the category กม (gom) for a syllable ended by the sound [m], which is represented by the letter (mɔɔ);
    7. the category เกย (gəəi) for a syllable ended by the sound [j], which is represented by the letter (yɔɔ);
    8. the category เกอว (gəəo) for a syllable ended by the sound [w], which is represented by the letter (wɔɔ);
    9. the category ก กา (gɔɔ gaa) for an open syllable.
  4. (prosody) unit for short and long syllables in a poetic work. A syllable with a short vowel sound is given one unit. That with a long vowel sound is given two units.

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Definition 3

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms