แม่

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Lao ແມ່ ‎().

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

แม่

  1. producing or allowing the production of a child or children or the like.
    • กฎหมายแม่
      (literally) Mother law ― Referring to a law that authorises the issuance of subordinate laws.
  2. bearing a relation like that of a mother, as in being the origin, source, or protector.
    • บริษัทแม่
      Mother company.

Noun[edit]

แม่

  1. a female parent, mother
  2. a woman regarded as a female parent.
  3. a woman exercising control, influence, or authority like that of a mother; a woman exercising protecting care over someone or something.
    • แม่แห่งแผ่นดิน
      (literally) Mother of the nation. ― Referring to a queen, female sovereign, etc.
    • แม่ฟ้า
      (literally) Mother of the heavens. ― Referring to a queen, female sovereign, etc.
  4. any woman.
  5. a term of address for or title given to the following:
    1. a female parent.
    2. a woman, especially a young or beloved one.
      • โฉมแม่จักฝากฟ้า เกรงอินทร หยอกนา อินทรท่านเทอกโฉมเอา สู่ฟ้า
        My darling dear, I can't put you in the care of the heavens, as the god Indra might flirt with you and he might take you away to his celestial abode.
    3. a woman regarded as a female parent.
      • แม่ลีนจะกลับไปเวกัสแล้วค่า!
        Mommy 'Line [Celine Dion] is returning to Vegas!
      • "แม่เอาเงินนี้ไปเถิด" เขาพูดกับสุภาพสตรีคนนั้น
        "Mother, please accept this money", he said to that lady.
    4. a woman exercising control, influence, or authority like that of a mother; a woman exercising protecting care over someone or something.
    5. a female deity.
    6. any woman.
      • แล้วแม่พลอยเขาคิดอย่างไรล่ะ
        How does Phloi think?
        (literally) How does Mae [title] Phloi think?
      • แม่นากพระขโนง
        Nak of Phra Khanong.
        (literally) Mae [title] Nak of Phra Khanong.
  6. an agentive for the following:
    1. a woman in charge of someone or something.
      • แม่ครัว
        Female chef.
        (literally) Mae of the kitchen.
      • แม่ค้า
        Female merchant.
        (literally) Mae of trade.
      • แม่บ้าน
        Female housekeeper.
        (literally) Mae of the house.
      • แม่นม
        Wet nurse.
        (literally) Mae of breastfeeding.
    2. a person in charge of someone or something, irrespective of the gender.
      • แม่ทัพ
        Military commander.
        (literally) Mae of the troops.
      • แม่กอง
        Division chief.
        (literally) Mae of the division.
    3. a female animal that has a child or children.
      • แม่ไก่
        Mother hen.
      • แม่งู
        Mother snake.
      • แม่แมว
        Mother cat.
    4. a river.
    5. a principal thing; a thing that is the source of others of the same kind or that produces other things.
      • แม่กุญแจ
        Master key.
        (literally) Mother key.
      • แม่แรง
        Jackscrew.
        (literally) Mother of strength.
      • แม่แบบ
        Template; model; etc.
        (literally) Mother pattern / mother mold.
  7. (grammar) the type of the sound that ends a syllable:
    1. if the syllable is ended with the sound [k] (represented by ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎()), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กก ‎(mae kok), as in บก ‎(bòk) [bok̚˩], พลิก ‎(plík) [pʰlik̚˥], แหก ‎(hɛ̀ɛk) [hɛːk̚˨˩], etc.;
    2. if the syllable is ended with the sound [ŋ] (represented by ‎(ngá)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กง ‎(mae kong), as in เครื่อง ‎(krʉ̂ʉang) [kʰrɯːä̃ŋ˥˩], ตรง ‎(dtrong) [trõŋ˧], สิง ‎(sǐng) [sĩŋ˩˥] etc.;
    3. if the syllable is ended with the sound [t] (represented by ‎(), ‎(chà), ‎(chá), ‎(), ‎(chá), ‎(), ‎(dtà), ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎(dtà), ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎()), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กด ‎(mae kot), as in เกียรติ [kiät̚˩], ตด ‎(dtòt) [tot̚˩], เปรต ‎(bprèet) [preːt̚˩], etc.;
    4. if the syllable is ended with the sound [n] (represented by ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎(), ‎()), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กน ‎(mae kon), as in ควร ‎(kwɔɔn) [kʰuːä̃n˧], จาน ‎(jaan) [t͡ɕä̃ːn˧], บิน ‎(bin) [bĩn˧], etc.;
    5. if the syllable is ended with the sound [p] (represented by ‎(), ‎(bpà), ‎(), ‎(), ‎()), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กบ ‎(mae kop), as in กรอบ ‎(grɔ̀ɔp) [krɔːp̚˨˩], เทียบ ‎(tîiap) [tʰiːäp̚˥˩], ลาบ ‎(lâap) [laːp̚˥˩], etc.;
    6. if the syllable is ended with the sound [m] (represented by ‎()), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กม ‎(mae kom), as in ดม ‎(dom) [dõm˧], เทียม ‎(tiiam) [tʰiːä̃m˧], ห้าม ‎(hâam) [hä̃ːm˥˩] etc.;
    7. if the syllable is ended with the sound [j] (represented by ‎()), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่เกย ‎(mae koei), as in ควาย ‎(kwaai) [kʰwäːj˧], ซวย ‎(suai) [suːäj˧], เหี้ย ‎(hîia) [hiːä˥˩] etc.;
    8. if the syllable is ended with the sound [w] (represented by ‎()), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่เกอว ‎(mae koew), as in กาว ‎(gaao) [käːw˧], มั่ว ‎(mûaa) [muä˥˩], เสียว ‎(sǐao) [siːäw˩˥] etc.;
    9. if the syllable is open, the syllable is categorised into the type แม่ ก กา ‎(mae ko ka), as in กล้า ‎(glâa) [kläː˥˩], โม้ ‎(móo) [moː˦˥], เหงื่อ ‎(ngʉ̀ʉa) [ŋɯːä˨˩], ec.

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]