แม่

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See also: แม้

Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tai *meːᴮ(mother). Cognate with Lao ແມ່(), ᦶᦙᧈ(mae¹).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemic แม่
æ m ˋ
Paiboon mɛ̂ɛ
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /mɛː˥˩/

Adjective[edit]

แม่ (mɛ̂ɛ)

  1. producing or allowing the production of a child or children or the like.
    • กฎหมายแม่
      (literally) Mother law ― Referring to a law that authorises the issuance of subordinate laws.
  2. bearing a relation like that of a mother, as in being the origin, source, or protector.
    • บริษัทแม่
      Mother company.

Noun[edit]

แม่ (mɛ̂ɛ)

  1. a female parent, mother
  2. a woman regarded as a female parent.
  3. a woman exercising control, influence, or authority like that of a mother; a woman exercising protecting care over someone or something.
    • แม่แห่งแผ่นดิน
      (literally) Mother of the nation. ― Referring to a queen, female sovereign, etc.
    • แม่ฟ้า
      (literally) Mother of the heavens. ― Referring to a queen, female sovereign, etc.
  4. any woman.
  5. a term of address for or title given to the following:
    1. a female parent.
    2. a woman, especially a young or beloved one.
      • โฉมแม่จักฝากฟ้า เกรงอินทร หยอกนา อินทรท่านเทอกโฉมเอา สู่ฟ้า
        My darling dear, I can't put you in the care of the heavens, as the god Indra might flirt with you and he might take you away to his celestial abode.
    3. a woman regarded as a female parent.
      • แม่ลีนจะกลับไปเวกัสแล้วค่า!
        Mommy 'Line [Celine Dion] is returning to Vegas!
      • "แม่เอาเงินนี้ไปเถิด" เขาพูดกับสุภาพสตรีคนนั้น
        "Mother, please accept this money", he said to that lady.
    4. a woman exercising control, influence, or authority like that of a mother; a woman exercising protecting care over someone or something.
    5. a female deity.
    6. any woman.
      • แล้วแม่พลอยเขาคิดอย่างไรล่ะ
        How does Phloi think?
        (literally) How does Mae [title] Phloi think?
      • แม่นากพระขโนง
        Nak of Phra Khanong.
        (literally) Mae [title] Nak of Phra Khanong.
  6. an agentive for the following:
    1. a woman in charge of someone or something.
      • แม่ครัว
        Female chef.
        (literally) Mae of the kitchen.
      • แม่ค้า
        Female merchant.
        (literally) Mae of trade.
      • แม่บ้าน
        Female housekeeper.
        (literally) Mae of the house.
      • แม่นม
        Wet nurse.
        (literally) Mae of breastfeeding.
    2. a person in charge of someone or something, irrespective of the gender.
      • แม่ทัพ
        Military commander.
        (literally) Mae of the troops.
      • แม่กอง
        Division chief.
        (literally) Mae of the division.
    3. a female animal that has a child or children.
      • แม่ไก่
        Mother hen.
      • แม่งู
        Mother snake.
      • แม่แมว
        Mother cat.
    4. a river.
    5. a principal thing; a thing that is the source of others of the same kind or that produces other things.
      • แม่กุญแจ
        Master key.
        (literally) Mother key.
      • แม่แรง
        Jackscrew.
        (literally) Mother of strength.
      • แม่แบบ
        Template; model; etc.
        (literally) Mother pattern / mother mold.
  7. (grammar) the type of the sound that ends a syllable:
    1. if the syllable is ended with the sound [k] (represented by (gɔɔ), (kɔ̌ɔ), (kɔɔ), (kɔɔ)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กก(mae kok), as in บก(bòk) [bok̚˩], พลิก(plík) [pʰlik̚˥], แหก(hɛ̀ɛk) [hɛːk̚˨˩], etc.;
    2. if the syllable is ended with the sound [ŋ] (represented by (ngɔɔ)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กง(mae kong), as in เครื่อง(krʉ̂ʉang) [kʰrɯːä̃ŋ˥˩], ตรง(dtrong) [trõŋ˧], สิง(sǐng) [sĩŋ˩˥] etc.;
    3. if the syllable is ended with the sound [t] (represented by (jɔɔ), (chɔ̌ɔ), (chɔɔ), (sɔɔ), (chɔɔ), (dɔɔ), (dtɔɔ), (tɔ̌ɔ), (tɔɔ), (tɔɔ), (dɔɔ), (dtɔɔ), (tɔ̌ɔ), (tɔɔ), (tɔɔ), (sɔ̌ɔ), (sɔ̌ɔ), (sɔ̌ɔ)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กด(mae kot), as in เกียรติ(gìiat) [kiät̚˩], ตด(dtòt) [tot̚˩], เปรต(bprèet) [preːt̚˩], etc.;
    4. if the syllable is ended with the sound [n] (represented by (yɔɔ), (nɔɔ), (nɔɔ), (rɔɔ), (lɔɔ), (lɔɔ)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กน(mae kon), as in ควร(kuuan) [kʰuːä̃n˧], จาน(jaan) [t͡ɕä̃ːn˧], บิน(bin) [bĩn˧], etc.;
    5. if the syllable is ended with the sound [p] (represented by (bɔɔ), (bpɔɔ), (pɔɔ), (fɔɔ), (pɔɔ)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กบ(mae kop), as in กรอบ(grɔ̀ɔp) [krɔːp̚˨˩], เทียบ(tîiap) [tʰiːäp̚˥˩], ลาบ(lâap) [laːp̚˥˩], etc.;
    6. if the syllable is ended with the sound [m] (represented by (mɔɔ)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่กม(mae kom), as in ดม(dom) [dõm˧], เทียม(tiiam) [tʰiːä̃m˧], ห้าม(hâam) [hä̃ːm˥˩] etc.;
    7. if the syllable is ended with the sound [j] (represented by (yɔɔ)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่เกย(mae koei), as in ควาย(kwaai) [kʰwäːj˧], ซวย(suai) [suːäj˧], เหี้ย(hîia) [hiːä˥˩] etc.;
    8. if the syllable is ended with the sound [w] (represented by (wɔɔ)), the syllable is categorised into the type แม่เกอว(mae koew), as in กาว(gaao) [käːw˧], มั่ว(mûua) [muä˥˩], เสียว(sǐao) [siːäw˩˥] etc.;
    9. if the syllable is open, the syllable is categorised into the type แม่ ก กา(mae ko ka), as in กล้า(glâa) [kläː˥˩], โม้(móo) [moː˦˥], เหงื่อ(ngʉ̀ʉa) [ŋɯːä˨˩], ec.

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